Gromov's compactness theorem for pseudo-holomorphic curves is a foundational result in symplectic geometry. It controls the compactness of the moduli space of pseudo-holomorphic curves with bounded area in a symplectic manifold. In this paper, we prove the analog of Gromov's compactness theorem in non-archimedean analytic geometry. We work in the framework of Berkovich spaces. First, we introduce a notion of Kähler structure in non-archimedean analytic geometry using metrizations of virtual line bundles. Second, we introduce formal stacks and non-archimedean analytic stacks. Then we construct the moduli stack of non-archimedean analytic stable maps using formal models, Artin's representability criterion and the geometry of stable curves. Finally, we reduce the non-archimedean problem to the known compactness results in algebraic geometry. The motivation of this paper is to provide the foundations for non-archimedean enumerative geometry.
We develop the foundations of higher geometric stacks in complex analytic geometry and in non-archimedean analytic geometry. We study coherent sheaves and prove the analog of Grauert's theorem for derived direct images under proper morphisms. We define analytification functors and prove the analog of Serre's GAGA theorems for higher stacks. We use the language of infinity category to simplify the theory. In particular, it enables us to circumvent the functoriality problem of the lisse-étale sites for sheaves on stacks. Our constructions and theorems cover the classical 1-stacks as a special case.
We define the counting of holomorphic cylinders in log Calabi-Yau surfaces. Although we start with a complex log Calabi-Yau surface, the counting is achieved by applying methods from non-archimedean geometry. This gives rise to new geometric invariants. Moreover, we prove that the counting satisfies a property of symmetry. Explicit calculations are given for a del Pezzo surface in detail, which verify the conjectured wall-crossing formula for the focus-focus singularity. Our holomorphic cylinders are expected to give a geometric understanding of the combinatorial notion of broken line by Gross, Hacking, Keel and Siebert. Our tools include Berkovich spaces, tropical geometry, Gromov-Witten theory and the GAGA theorem for non-archimedean analytic stacks.