Min ZhangStony Brook UniversityRen GuoOregon State UniveristyWei ZengSchool of Computing and Information Sciences, Florida International UniversityFeng LuoRutgers UniversityShing Tung YauHarvard UniversityXianfeng GuStony Brook Univerisity
Computational GeometryDifferential GeometryGeometric Modeling and ProcessingConvex and Discrete Geometry mathscidoc:1612.01001
Graphical Models/Geometric Modeling and Processing 2014, 76, (5), 321-339, 2014.9
Ricci ﬂow deformsthe Riemannian metric proportionallyto the curvature, such that the curvatureevolves accordingto a heat diffusion process and eventually becomes constant everywhere. Ricci ﬂow has demonstrated its great potential by solving various problems in many ﬁelds, which can be hardly handled by alternative methods so far. This work introduces the uniﬁed theoretic framework for discrete Surface Ricci Flow, including all the common schemes: Tangential Circle Packing, Thurston’s Circle Packing, Inversive Distance Circle Packing and Discrete Yamabe Flow. Furthermore, this work also introduces a novel schemes, Virtual Radius Circle Packing and the Mixed Type schemes, under the uniﬁed framework. This work gives explicit geometric interpretation to the discrete Ricci energies for all the schemes with all back ground geometries, and the corresponding Hessian matrices. The uniﬁed frame work deepens our understanding to the the discrete surface Ricci ﬂow theory, and has inspired us to discover the new schemes, improved the ﬂexibility and robustness of the algorithms, greatly simpliﬁed the implementation and improved the efﬁciency. Experimental results show the uniﬁed surface Ricci ﬂow algorithms can handle general surfaces with different topologies, and is robust to meshes with different qualities, and is effective for solving real problems.
These notions in the title are of fundamental importance in any branch of physics. However, there have been great difficulties in finding physically acceptable definitions of them in general relativity since Einstein's time. I shall explain these difficulties and progresses that have been made. In particular, I shall introduce new definitions of center of mass and angular momentum at both the quasi-local and total levels, which are derived from first principles in general relativity and by the method of geometric analysis. With these new definitions, the classical formula p=mv is shown to be consistent with Einstein's field equation for the first time. This paper is based on joint work  with Po-Ning Chen and Shing-Tung Yau.