This work extends existing multiphase-fluid SPH frameworks to cover solid phases, including deformable bodies and granular materials. In our extended multiphase SPH framework, the distribution and shapes of all phases, both fluids and solids, are uniformly represented by their volume fraction functions. The dynamics of the multiphase system is governed by conservation of mass and momentum within different phases. The behavior of individual phases and the interactions between them are represented by corresponding constitutive laws, which are functions of the volume fraction fields and the velocity fields. Our generalized multiphase SPH framework does not require separate equations for specific phases or tedious interface tracking. As the distribution, shape and motion of each phase is represented and resolved in the same way, the proposed approach is robust, efficient and easy to implement. Various simulation results are presented to demonstrate the capabilities of our new multiphase SPH framework, including deformable bodies, granular materials, interaction between multiple fluids and deformable solids, flow in porous media, and dissolution of deformable solids.
We prove the Landau-Ginzburg/Calabi-Yau correspondence between the Gromov-Witten theory of each elliptic orbifold curve and its Fan-Jarvis-Ruan-Witten theory counterpart via modularity. We show that the correlation functions in these two enumerative theories are different representations of the same set of quasi-modular forms, expanded around different points on the upper-half plane. We relate these two representations by the Cayley transform.
Tiexiang LiDepartment of Mathematics, Southeast UniversityTsung-Ming HuangDepartment of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal UniversityWen-Wei LinDepartment of Applied Mathematics, National Chiao Tung UniversityJenn-Nan WangInstitute of Applied Mathematics, National Taiwan University
We study a robust and efficient eigensolver for computing the positive dense spectrum of the two-dimensional transmission eigenvalue problem (TEP) which is derived from the Maxwell’s equation with complex media in pseudo-chiral model and the transverse magnetic mode. The discretized governing equations by the N ́ed ́elec edge element result in a large-scale quadratic eigenvalue problem (QEP). We estimate half of the positive eigenvalues of the QEP are on some interval which forms a dense spectrum of the QEP. The quadratic Jacobi-Davidson method with a so-called non-equivalence deflation technique is proposed to compute the dense spectrum of the QEP. Intensive numerical experiments show that our proposed method makes the convergence efficiently and robustly even it needs to compute more than 5000 desired eigenpairs. Numerical results also illustrate that the computed eigenvalue curves can be approximated by the non- linear functions which can be applied to estimate the density of the eigenvalues for the TEP.