We study the limit of quasilocal energy defined in  and  for a family of spacelike 2-surfaces approaching null infinity of an asymptotically flat spacetime. It is shown that Lorentzian symmetry is recovered and an energy-momentum 4-vector is obtained. In particular, the result is consistent with the Bondi-Sachs energy-momentum at a retarded time. The quasilocal mass in  and  is defined by minimizing quasilocal energy among admissible isometric embeddings and observers. The solvability of the Euler-Lagrange equation for this variational problem is also discussed in both the asymptotically flat and asymptotically null cases.
Three-fold quasi-homogeneous isolated rational singularity is argued to define a four dimensional N = 2 SCFT. The SeibergWitten geometry is built on the mini-versal deformation of the singularity. We argue in this paper that the corresponding SeibergWitten differential is given by the GelfandLeray form of K. Saitos primitive form. Our result also extends the SeibergWitten solution to include irrelevant deformations.
We consider the Einstein/Yang-Mills equations in 3+ 1 space time dimensions with SU (2) gauge group and prove rigorously the existence of a globally defined smooth static solution. We show that the associated Einstein metric is asymptotically flat and the total mass is finite. Thus, for non-abelian gauge fields the Yang/Mills repulsive force can balance the gravitational attractive force and prevent the formation of singularities in spacetime.
We study the degeneration and the gluing of Kuranishi structures in Gromov-Witten theory under a symplectic cut. This leads us to a degeneration axiom and a gluing axiom for open Gromov-Witten invariants. They provide then a route to the construction of virtual fundamental chains via specialization. Comments on the equivalence of the degeneration formula of closed Gromov-Witten invariants by Li-Ruan/Li versus Ionel-Parker are given in the Appendix.