We consider a 1-parameter family of strictly convex hypersurfaces in Rn+1 moving with speed −Kαν, where ν denotes the outward-pointing unit normal vector and α⩾1/(n+2). For α>1/(n+2), we show that the flow converges to a round sphere after rescaling. In the affine invariant case α=1/(n+2), our arguments give an alternative proof of the fact that the flow converges to an ellipsoid after rescaling.
Asymptotically sharp Bernstein- and Markov-type inequalities are established for rational functions on C2 smooth Jordan curves and arcs. The results are formulated in terms of the normal derivatives of certain Green’s functions with poles at the poles of the rational functions in question. As a special case (when all the poles are at infinity) the corresponding results for polynomials are recaptured.
We introduce singular Ricci flows, which are Ricci flow spacetimes subject to certain asymptotic conditions. These provide a solution to the long-standing problem of finding a good notion of Ricci flow through singularities, in the 3-dimensional case.
We prove that Ricci flow with surgery, starting from a fixed initial condition, subconverges to a singular Ricci flow as the surgery parameter tends to zero. We establish a number of geometric and analytical properties of singular Ricci flows.
We associate a half-integer number, called the quantum index, to algebraic curves in the real plane satisfying to certain conditions. The area encompassed by the logarithmic image of such curves is equal to π2 times the quantum index of the curve, and thus has a discrete spectrum of values. We use the quantum index to refine enumeration of real rational curves in a way consistent with the Block–Göttsche invariants from tropical enumerative geometry.
We prove that on any compact complex manifold one can find Gauduchon metrics with prescribed volume form. This is equivalent to prescribing the Chern–Ricci curvature of the metrics, and thus solves a conjecture of Gauduchon from 1984.
In this paper we prove global regularity for the full water-wave system in three dimensions for small data, under the influence of both gravity and surface tension. This problem presents essential difficulties which were absent in all of the earlier global regularity results for other water-wave models.
To construct global solutions, we use a combination of energy estimates and matching dispersive estimates. There is a significant new difficulty in proving energy estimates in our problem, namely the combination of slow pointwise decay of solutions (no better than |t|−5/6) and the presence of a large, codimension-1, set of quadratic time-resonances. To deal with such a situation, we propose here a new mechanism, which exploits a non-degeneracy property of the time-resonant hypersurfaces and some special structure of the quadratic part of the non-linearity, connected to the conserved energy of the system.
The dispersive estimates rely on analysis of the Duhamel formula in the Fourier space. The main contributions come from the set of space-time resonances, which is a large set of dimension 1. To control the corresponding bilinear interactions, we use harmonic analysis techniques, such as orthogonality arguments in the Fourier space and atomic decompositions of functions. Most importantly, we construct and use a refined norm which is well adapted to the geometry of the problem.