Complexified path integrals, exact saddles and supersymmetry

Alireza Behtash North Carolina State University, Harvard University Gerald V. Dunne University of Connecticut Thomas Schafer North Carolina State University Tin Sulejmanpasic North Carolina State University Mithat Unsal North Carolina State University, Harvard University

Publications of CMSA of Harvard mathscidoc:1702.38053

In the context of two illustrative examples from supersymmetric quantum mechanics we show that the semiclassical analysis of the path integral requires complexification of the configuration space and action, and the inclusion of complex saddle points, even when the parameters in the action are real. We find new exact complex saddles, and show that without their contribution the semi-classical expansion is in conflict with basic properties such as positive-semidefiniteness of the spectrum, and constraints of supersymmetry. Generic saddles are not only complex, but also possibly multi-valued, and even singular. This is in contrast to instanton solutions, which are real, smooth, and single-valued. The multi-valuedness of the action can be interpreted as a hidden topological angle, quantized in units of π in supersymmetric theories. The general ideas also apply to non-supersymmetric theories.
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@inproceedings{alirezacomplexified,
  title={Complexified path integrals, exact saddles and supersymmetry},
  author={Alireza Behtash, Gerald V. Dunne, Thomas Schafer, Tin Sulejmanpasic, and Mithat Unsal},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20170207040959872442253},
}
Alireza Behtash, Gerald V. Dunne, Thomas Schafer, Tin Sulejmanpasic, and Mithat Unsal. Complexified path integrals, exact saddles and supersymmetry. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20170207040959872442253.
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