Existence of Multi-dimensional Contact Discontinuities for the Ideal Compressible Magnetohydrodynamics

Yanjin Wang Xiamen University Zhouping Xin The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Analysis of PDEs Mathematical Physics arXiv subject: Analysis of PDEs (math.AP) arXiv subject: Mathematical Physics (math-ph) mathscidoc:2112.03001

In this paper, we establish the local existence and uniqueness of multi-dimensional contact discontinuities for the ideal compressible magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) in Sobolev spaces, which are most typical interfacial waves for astrophysical plasmas and prototypical fundamental waves for hyperbolic systems of conservation laws. Such waves are characteristic discontinuities for which there is no flow across the discontinuity surface while the magnetic field crosses transversely, which lead to a two-phase free boundary problem where the pressure, velocity and magnetic field are continuous across the interface whereas the entropy and density may have jumps. To overcome the difficulties of possible nonlinear Rayleigh--Taylor instability and loss of derivatives, here we use crucially the Lagrangian formulation and the Cauchy formula (1882) for the magnetic field. This enables us to capture the boundary regularizing effect of the transversal magnetic field on the flow map, and on the other hand, it allows us to define a special good unknown of the magnetic field to get around the troublesome boundary integrals due to the transversality of the magnetic field. In particular, our result removes the additional assumption of the Rayleigh--Taylor sign condition required by Morando, Tarkhinin and Trebeschi (\emph{J. Differential Equations} \textbf{258} (2015), no. 7, 2531--2571; \emph{Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal.} \textbf{228} (2018), no. 2, 697--742) and holds for both 2D and 3D and hence gives a complete answer to the two open questions raised therein. Moreover, there is {\it no loss of derivatives} in our well-posedness theory. The solution is constructed as {\it the inviscid limit} of solutions to well-chosen nonlinear approximate problems for the two-phase compressible viscous non-resistive MHD.
Contact discontinuities; Multi-dimensional waves; Ideal compressible MHD; Plasma interface; Free boundary problems.
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  title={Existence of Multi-dimensional Contact Discontinuities for the Ideal Compressible Magnetohydrodynamics},
  author={Yanjin Wang, and Zhouping Xin},
Yanjin Wang, and Zhouping Xin. Existence of Multi-dimensional Contact Discontinuities for the Ideal Compressible Magnetohydrodynamics. 2021. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20211216132436374101888.
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