Peng XieZhou Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaYi ZhuZhou Pei-Yuan Center for Applied Mathematics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Analysis of PDEsmathscidoc:2204.03001
Mathematical analysis on electromagnetic waves in photonic graphene, a photonic topological material which has a honeycomb structure, is one of the most important current research topics. By modulating the honeycomb structure, numerous topological phenomena have been observed recently. The electromagnetic waves in such a media are generally described by the 2-dimensional wave equation. It has been shown that the corresponding elliptic operator with a honeycomb material weight has Dirac points in its dispersion surfaces. In this paper, we study the time evolution of the wave packets spectrally concentrated at such Dirac points in a modulated honeycomb material weight. We prove that such wave packet dynamics is governed by the Dirac equation with a varying mass in a large but finite time. Our analysis provides mathematical insights to those topological phenomena in photonic graphene.