ABJ triality: from higher spin fields to strings

Chi-Ming Chang Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Shiraz Minwalla Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Rd, Mumbai 400005, India Tarun Sharma Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Rd, Mumbai 400005, India Xi Yin Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

arXiv subject: High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th) mathscidoc:2206.74032

Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 46, (21), 2013.5
We demonstrate that a supersymmetric and parity violating version of Vasiliev's higher spin gauge theory in AdS4 admits boundary conditions that preserve $\mathcal{N}=0,1,2,3,4$ or 6 supersymmetries. In particular, we argue that the Vasiliev theory with U(M) Chan–Paton and $\mathcal{N}=6$ boundary condition is holographically dual to the 2+1 dimensional U(N)_k × U(M)_{−k} ABJ theory in the limit of large N, k and finite M. In this system all bulk higher spin fields transform in the adjoint of the U(M) gauge group, whose bulk t'Hooft coupling is M/N. Analysis of boundary conditions in Vasiliev theory allows us to determine exact relations between the parity breaking phase of Vasiliev theory and the coefficients of two and three point functions in Chern–Simons vector models at large N. Our picture suggests that the supersymmetric Vasiliev theory can be obtained as a limit of type IIA string theory in AdS_4\times \mathbb {CP}^3, and that the non-Abelian Vasiliev theory at strong bulk 't Hooft coupling smoothly turn into a string field theory. The fundamental string is a singlet bound state of Vasiliev's higher spin particles held together by U(M) gauge interactions. This is illustrated by the thermal partition function of free ABJ theory on a two sphere at large M and N even in the analytically tractable free limit. In this system the traces or strings of the low temperature phase break up into their Vasiliev particulate constituents at a U(M) deconfinement phase transition of order unity. At a higher temperature of order $T=\sqrt{\frac{N}{M}}$ Vasiliev's higher spin fields themselves break up into more elementary constituents at a U(N) deconfinement temperature, in a process described in the bulk as black hole nucleation. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical devoted to 'Higher spin theories and holography'.
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@inproceedings{chi-ming2013abj,
  title={ABJ triality: from higher spin fields to strings},
  author={Chi-Ming Chang, Shiraz Minwalla, Tarun Sharma, and Xi Yin},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220629154137849149495},
  booktitle={Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical},
  volume={46},
  number={21},
  year={2013},
}
Chi-Ming Chang, Shiraz Minwalla, Tarun Sharma, and Xi Yin. ABJ triality: from higher spin fields to strings. 2013. Vol. 46. In Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220629154137849149495.
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