We study smooth toroidal compactifications of Siegel varieties
thoroughly from the viewpoints of mixed Hodge theory and K\"ahler-Einstein metric.
We observe that any cusp of a Siegel space can be identified as a set of certain weight one polarized mixed Hodge structures.
We then study the infinity boundary divisors of toroidal compactifications, and obtain a global volume form formula of an arbitrary smooth Siegel variety $\sA_{g,\Gamma}(g>1)$ with a smooth toroidal compactification $\overline{\sA}_{g,\Gamma}$ such that $D_\infty:=\overline{\sA}_{g,\Gamma}\setminus \sA_{g,\Gamma}$ is normal crossing. We use this volume form formula to show that the unique group-invariant K\"ahler-Einstein metric on $\sA_{g,\Gamma}$ endows some
restraint combinatorial conditions for all smooth toroidal compactifications of $\sA_{g,\Gamma}.$ Again using the volume form formula, we study the asymptotic behaviour of logarithmical canonical line bundle on any smooth toroidal compactification of $\sA_{g,\Gamma}$ carefully and we obtain that the logarithmical canonical bundle degenerate sharply even though
it is big and numerically effective.