Shuang LiuTsinghua UniversityLinfeng JiangTsinghua UniversityKai Leong ChongUniversity of TwenteXiaojue ZhuHarvard UniversityZhenhua WanUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaRoberto VerziccoUniversity of Rome ‘Tor Vergata’Richard J. A. M. StevensUniversity of TwenteDetlef LohseUniversity of TwenteChao SunTsinghua University
Fluid Dynamics and Shock Wavesmathscidoc:2205.14005
We perform a numerical study of the heat transfer and flow structure of Rayleigh-Benard (RB) convection in (in most cases regular) porous media, which are comprised of circular, solid obstacles located on a square lattice. This study is focused on the role of porosity in the flow properties during the transition process from the traditional RB convection with (so no obstacles included) to Darcy-type porous-media convection with approaching 0. Simulations are carried out in a cell with unity aspect ratio, for Rayleigh number from to and varying porosities , at a fixed Prandtl number , and we restrict ourselves to the two-dimensional case. For fixed , the Nusselt number is found to vary non-monotonically as a function of ; namely, with decreasing , it first increases, before it decreases for approaching 0. The non-monotonic behaviour of originates from two competing effects of the porous structure on the heat transfer. On the one hand, the flow coherence is enhanced in the porous media, which is beneficial for the heat transfer. On the other hand, the convection is slowed down by the enhanced resistance due to the porous structure, leading to heat transfer reduction. For fixed , depending on , two different heat transfer regimes are identified, with different effective power-law behaviours of versus , namely a steep one for low when viscosity dominates, and the standard classical one for large . The scaling crossover occurs when the thermal boundary layer thickness and the pore scale are comparable. The influences of the porous structure on the temperature and velocity fluctuations, convective heat flux and energy dissipation rates are analysed, further demonstrating the competing effects of the porous structure to enhance or reduce the heat transfer.
We report on a three-dimensional direct numerical simulation study of flow structure and heat transport in the annular centrifugal Rayleigh-Bdnard convection (ACRBC) system, with cold inner and hot outer cylinders corotating axially, for the Rayleigh number range Ra is an element of [10(6), 10(8)] and radius ratio range eta = R-i/R-o is an element of [0.3, 0.9] (R-i and R-o are the radius of the inner and outer cylinders, respectively). This study focuses on the dependence of flow dynamics, heat transport and asymmetric mean temperature fields on the radius ratio eta. For the inverse Rossby number Ro(-1) = 1, as the Coriolis force balances inertial force, the flow is in the inertial regime. The mechanisms of zonal flow revolving in the prograde direction in this regime are attributed to the asymmetric movements of plumes and the different curvatures of the cylinders. The number of roll pairs is smaller than the circular roll hypothesis as the convection rolls are probably elongated by zonal flow. The physical mechanism of zonal flow is verified by the dependence of the drift frequency of the large-scale circulation (LSC) rolls and the space- and time-averaged azimuthal velocity on eta. The larger eta is, the weaker the zonal flow becomes. We show that the heat transport efficiency increases with eta. It is also found that the bulk temperature deviates from the arithmetic mean temperature and the deviation increases as eta decreases. This effect can be explained by a simple model that accounts for the curvature effects and the radially dependent centrifugal force in ACRBC.
Shuning XiaUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaZhenhua WanUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaShuang LiuUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaQi WangUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaDejun SunUniversity of Science and Technology of China
Fluid Dynamics and Shock Wavesmathscidoc:2205.14003
Flow reversals in two-dimensional Rayleigh-Benard convection led by non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq (NOB) effects due to large temperature differences arc studied by direct numerical simulation. Perfect gas is chosen as the working fluid and the Prandtl number is 0.71 for the reference state. 11 NOB effects are included, the flow pattern P-11 with only one dominant roll often becomes unstable by the growth of the cold corner roll, which sometimes results in cession-led flow reversals. By exploiting the vorticity transport equation, it is found that the asymmetries of buoyancy and viscous forces are responsible for the growth of the cold corner roll because both such asymmetries cause an imbalance between the corner rolls and the large-scale circulation (I.SC). The buoyancy force near the cold wall increases and decreases near the hot wall originating from the temperature-dependent isobaric thermal expansion coefficient alpha = 1/T if NOB effects are included; Moreover, the decreased dissipation due to lower viscosity is favourable for the growth of the cold corner roll, while the increased viscosity further suppresses the growth of the hot corner roll. Finally, it is found that the boundary layer near the cold wall plays an important role in the mass transport from LSC to corner rolls subject to mass conservation.
Shuang LiuUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaBofu WangShanghai UniversityZhenhua WanUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaDongjun MaInstitute of Applied Physics and Computational MathematicsDejun SunUniversity of Science and Technology of China
Fluid Dynamics and Shock Wavesmathscidoc:2205.14002
For a fixed geometric configuration, hydrodynamic instabilities and bifurcation processes of laminar isothermal planar opposed jet flows with symmetric and slightly asymmetric inlet boundary conditions are investigated numerically using a high-resolution approach based on spectral element method. In current configuration, when inlet boundary conditions are symmetric, in the range of the Reynolds number considered (Re <= 200), multiple new symmetry-breaking bifurcations are observed and four new flow patterns are identified. Their hydrodynamic characteristics are analyzed, in particular their symmetries. In addition, the case that inlet boundary conditions are slightly asymmetric is investigated. It is found that bifurcation processes are extremely sensitive to this small symmetry-breaking imperfection and much different from those in the symmetric case. Furthermore, model equations are constructed by symmetry consideration to explain the numerical results based on hydrodynamic equations.
Chuanshi SunUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaShuang LiuUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaQi WangUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaZhenhua WanUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaDejun SunUniversity of Science and Technology of China
Fluid Dynamics and Shock Wavesmathscidoc:2205.14001
Applied Mathematics and Mechanics-English Edition, 40, 2019.5
The bifurcations of penetrative Rayleigh-Benard convection in cylindrical containers are studied by the linear stability analysis (LSA) combined with the direct numerical simulation (DNS) method. The working fluid is cold water near 4 degrees C, where the Prandtl number Pr is 11.57, and the aspect ratio (radius/height) of the cylinder ranges from 0.66 to 2. It is found that the critical Rayleigh number increases with the increase in the density inversion parameter (m). The relationship between the normalized critical Rayleigh number (Ra-c((m))/Ra-c(0)) and (m) is formulated, which is in good agreement with the stability results within a large range of (m). The aspect ratio has a minor effect on Ra-c((m))/Ra-c(0). The bifurcation processes based on the axisymmetric solutions are also investigated. The results show that the onset of axisymmetric convection occurs through a trans-critical bifurcation due to the top-bottom symmetry breaking of the present system. Moreover, two kinds of qualitatively different steady axisymmetric solutions are identified.