In a former paper we proposed a model for the quantization of gravity by working in a bundle $E$ where we realized the Hamilton constraint as the Wheeler-DeWitt equation. However, the corresponding operator only acts in the fibers and not in the base space. Therefore, we now discard the Wheeler-DeWitt equation and express the Hamilton constraint differently, either with the help of the Hamilton equations or by employing a geometric evolution equation. There are two possible modifications possible which both are equivalent to the Hamilton constraint and which lead to two new models. In the first model we obtain a hyperbolic operator that acts in the fibers as well as in the base space and we can construct a symplectic vector space and a Weyl system.
In the second model the resulting equation is a wave equation in $\so \times (0,\infty)$ valid in points $(x,t,\xi)$ in $E$ and we look for solutions for each fixed $\xi$. This set of equations contains as a special case the equation of a quantized cosmological Friedman universe without matter but with a cosmological constant, when we look for solutions which only depend on $t$. Moreover, in case $\so$ is compact we prove a spectral resolution of the equation.
Finster, Felix. "A variational principle in discrete space–time: existence of minimizers." Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations 29.4 (2007): 431-453.
Finster, Felix. "Fermion systems in discrete space–time—outer symmetries and spontaneous symmetry breaking." Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics 11.1 (2007): 91-146.
Finster, Felix. "On the regularized fermionic projector of the vacuum." Journal of Mathematical Physics 49.3 (2008): 032304.
Deckert, D-A., et al. "Time-evolution of the external field problem in quantum electrodynamics." Journal of Mathematical Physics (2010).
Finster, Felix, Simone Murro, and Christian Röken. "The fermionic projector in a time-dependent external potential: Mass oscillation property and Hadamard states." Journal of Mathematical Physics 57.7 (2016): 072303.
Finster, Felix, and Jürgen Tolksdorf. "Perturbative description of the fermionic projector: Normalization, causality, and Furry's theorem." Journal of Mathematical Physics 55.5 (2014): 052301.
Finster, Felix, and Stefan Hoch. "An action principle for the masses of Dirac particles." Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics 13.6 (2009): 1653-1711.
Finster, Felix. "From discrete space-time to Minkowski space: Basic mechanisms, methods and perspectives." Quantum Field Theory. Birkhäuser Basel, 2009. 235-259.
Bernard, Yann, and Felix Finster. "On the structure of minimizers of causal variational principles in the non-compact and equivariant settings." Advances in Calculus of Variations 7.1 (2014): 27-57.
Diethert, Alexander, Felix Finster, and Daniela Schiefeneder. "FERMION SYSTEMS IN DISCRETE SPACE–TIME EXEMPLIFYING THE SPONTANEOUS GENERATION OF A CAUSAL STRUCTURE." International Journal of Modern Physics A 23.27n28 (2008): 4579-4620.
The ``principle of the fermionic projector'' provides a new mathematical framework for the formulation of physical theories and is a promising approach for physics beyond the standard model. The book begins with a brief review of relativity, relativistic quantum mechanics and classical gauge theories, with the emphasis on the basic physical concepts and the mathematical foundations. The external field problem and Klein's paradox are discussed and then resolved by introducing the so-called fermionic projector, a global object in space-time which generalizes the notion of the Dirac sea. The mathematical core of the book is to give a precise definition of the fermionic projector and to employ methods of hyperbolic differential equations for its detailed analysis. The fermionic projector makes it possible to formulate a new type of variational principles in space-time. The mathematical tools for the analysis of the corresponding Euler-Lagrange equations are developed. A particular variational principle is proposed which gives rise to an effective interaction showing many similarities to the interactions of
the standard model.
The main chapters of the book are easily accessible for beginning graduate students in mathematics or physics. Several appendices provide supplementary material which will be useful to the experienced researcher.
Through a geometric capacitary analysis based on space dualities, this paper addresses several fundamental aspects of functional analysis and potential theory for the Morrey spaces in harmonic analysis over the Euclidean spaces.
We revisit some properties of AdS2 Einstein-Maxwell gravity with the aim of reconciling apparently conflicting results in prior literature. We show that the two dimensional theory can be obtained as a dimensional reduction of the three dimensional Einstein gravity with the CSS boundary condition. In general, this theory on AdS2 can be viewed as an effective theory of the near horizon geometry of a (near-)extremal black hole. We provide an interpretation of our results in terms of the microscopic description of an extremal black hole.
This monograph introduces the basic concepts of the theory of causal fermion systems, a recent approach to the description of fundamental physics. The theory yields quantum mechanics, general relativity and quantum field theory as limiting cases and is therefore a candidate for a unified physical theory. From the mathematical perspective, causal fermion systems provide a general framework for describing and analyzing non-smooth geometries and ``quantum geometries.'' The dynamics is described by a novel variational principle, called the causal action principle.
In addition to the basics, the book provides all the necessary mathematical background and explains how the causal action principle gives rise to the interactions of the standard model plus gravity on the level of second-quantized fermionic fields coupled to classical bosonic fields. The focus is on getting a mathematically sound connection between causal fermion systems and physical systems in Minkowski space.
The book is intended for graduate students entering the field, and is furthermore a valuable reference work for researchers in quantum field theory and quantum gravity.
Tao Yang · Ming C Lin · Ralph R Martin · Jian Chang · Shimin Hu. Versatile interactions at interfaces for SPH-based simulations. In ACM SIGGRAPH/Eurographics Symposium on Computer Animation.Page 57-66.2016.
This article presents a novel and flexible bubble modelling technique for multi-fluid simulations using a volume fraction representation. By combining the volume fraction data obtained from a primary multi-fluid simulation with simple and efficient secondary bubble simulation, a range of real-world bubble phenomena are captured with a high degree of physical realism, including large bubble deformation, sub-cell bubble motion, bubble stacking over the liquid surface, bubble volume change, dissolving of bubbles, etc. Without any change in the primary multi-fluid simulator, our bubble modelling approach is applicable to any multi-fluid simulator based on the volume fraction representation.
In this expository note we discuss some arithmetic aspects of the mirror symmetry for plane cubic curves. We also explain how the Picard-Fuchs equation can be used to reveal part of these arithmetic properties. The application of Picard-Fuchs equations in studying the genus zero Gromov-Witten invariants of more general Calabi-Yau varieties and the Weil-Petersson geometry on their moduli spaces will also be discussed.
Tiexiang LiDepartment of Mathematics, Southeast UniversityTsung-Ming HuangDepartment of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal UniversityWen-Wei LinDepartment of Applied Mathematics, National Chiao Tung UniversityJenn-Nan WangInstitute of Applied Mathematics, National Taiwan University
We study a robust and efficient eigensolver for computing the positive dense spectrum of the two-dimensional transmission eigenvalue problem (TEP) which is derived from the Maxwell’s equation with complex media in pseudo-chiral model and the transverse magnetic mode. The discretized governing equations by the N ́ed ́elec edge element result in a large-scale quadratic eigenvalue problem (QEP). We estimate half of the positive eigenvalues of the QEP are on some interval which forms a dense spectrum of the QEP. The quadratic Jacobi-Davidson method with a so-called non-equivalence deflation technique is proposed to compute the dense spectrum of the QEP. Intensive numerical experiments show that our proposed method makes the convergence efficiently and robustly even it needs to compute more than 5000 desired eigenpairs. Numerical results also illustrate that the computed eigenvalue curves can be approximated by the non- linear functions which can be applied to estimate the density of the eigenvalues for the TEP.