We consider the Einstein/Yang-Mills equations in 3+1 space time dimensions with<i>SU</i>(2) gauge group and prove rigorously the existence of a globally defined smooth static solution. We show that the associated Einstein metric is asymptotically flat and the total mass is finite. Thus, for non-abelian gauge fields the Yang-Mills repulsive force can balance the gravitational attractive force and prevent the formation of singularities in spacetime.
Let O_25 be the vertex algebraic braided tensor category of finite-length modules for the Virasoro Lie algebra at central charge 25 whose composition factors are the irreducible quotients of reducible Verma modules. We show that O_25 is rigid and that its simple objects generate a semisimple tensor subcategory that is braided tensor equivalent to an abelian 3-cocycle twist of the category of finite-dimensional sl_2-modules. We also show that this sl_2-type subcategory is braid-reversed tensor equivalent to a similar category for the Virasoro algebra at central charge 1. As an application, we construct a simple conformal vertex algebra which contains the Virasoro vertex operator algebra of central charge 25 as a PSL_2(C)-orbifold. We also use our results to study Arakawa's chiral universal centralizer algebra of SL_2 at level -1, showing that it has a symmetric tensor category of representations equivalent to Rep PSL_2(C). This algebra is an extension of the tensor product of Virasoro vertex operator algebras of central charges 1 and 25, analogous to the modified regular representations of the Virasoro algebra constructed earlier for generic central charges by I. Frenkel-Styrkas and I. Frenkel-M. Zhu.
We compute the particle spectrum and some of the Yukawa couplings for a family of heterotic compactifications on quintic threefolds X involving bundles that are deformations of TX+ O_X. These are then related to the compactifications with torsion found recently by Li and Yau. We compute the spectrum and the Yukawa couplings for generic bundles on generic quintics, as well as for certain stable non-generic bundles on the special Dwork quintics. In all our computations we keep the dependence on the vector bundle moduli explicit. We also show that on any smooth quintic there exists a deformation of the bundle TX+ O_X whose Kodaira-Spencer class obeys the Li-Yau non-degeneracy conditions and admits a non-vanishing triple pairing.
Qing-Rui WangDepartment of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong KongMeng ChengDepartment of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-8499, USAChenjie WangDepartment of Physics, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong; Department of Physics and Center of Theoretical and Computational Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, ChinaZheng-Cheng GuDepartment of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
Mathematical PhysicsarXiv subject: High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)arXiv subject: Strongly Correlated Electrons (cond-mat.str-el)mathscidoc:2206.22004
Topological qauntum field theory(TQFT) is a very powerful theoretical tool to study topological phases and phase transitions. In 2+1D, it is well known that the Chern-Simons theory captures all the universal topological data of topological phases, e.g., quasi-particle braiding statistics, chiral central charge and even provides us a deep insight for the nature of topological phase transitions. Recently, topological phases of quantum matter are also intensively studied in 3+1D and it has been shown that loop like excitation obeys the so-called three-loop-braiding statistics. In this paper, we will try to establish a TQFT framework to understand the quantum statistics of particle and loop like excitation in 3+1D. We will focus on Abelian topological phases for simplicity, however, the general framework developed here is not limited to Abelian topological phases.
Arthur JaffeDepartments of Mathematics and Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USAZhengwei LiuDepartments of Mathematics and Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USAAlex WozniakowskiPresent address: Current address: School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences and Complexity Institute, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 637723, Singapore; Departments of Mathematics and Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA
Mathematical PhysicsQuantum AlgebraSpectral Theory and Operator AlgebraarXiv subject: High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)mathscidoc:2207.22002
We introduce a pictorial approach to quantum information, called holographic software. Our software captures both algebraic and topological aspects of quantum networks. It yields a bi-directional dictionary to translate between a topological approach and an algebraic approach. Using our software, we give a topological simulation for quantum networks. The string Fourier transform (SFT) is our basic tool to transform product states into states with maximal entanglement entropy. We obtain a pictorial interpretation of Fourier transformation, of measurements, and of local transformations, including the n-qudit Pauli matrices and their representation by Jordan-Wigner transformations. We use our software to discover interesting new protocols for multipartite communication. In summary, we build a bridge linking the theory of planar para algebras with quantum information.
The aim of the paper is to investigate resonances in quantum graphs with a general self-adjoint coupling in the vertices and their trajectories with respect to varying edge lengths. We derive formulae determining the Taylor expansion of the resonance pole position up to the second order, which represent, in particular, a counterpart to the Fermi rule derived recently by Lee and Zworski for graphs with the standard coupling. Furthermore, we discuss the asymptotic behavior of the resonances in the high-energy regime in the situation where the leads are attached through or s conditions, and we prove that in the case of s coupling the resonances approach to the real axis with the increasing real parts as O((Rek)2).