This monograph introduces the basic concepts of the theory of causal fermion systems, a recent approach to the description of fundamental physics. The theory yields quantum mechanics, general relativity and quantum field theory as limiting cases and is therefore a candidate for a unified physical theory. From the mathematical perspective, causal fermion systems provide a general framework for describing and analyzing non-smooth geometries and ``quantum geometries.'' The dynamics is described by a novel variational principle, called the causal action principle.
In addition to the basics, the book provides all the necessary mathematical background and explains how the causal action principle gives rise to the interactions of the standard model plus gravity on the level of second-quantized fermionic fields coupled to classical bosonic fields. The focus is on getting a mathematically sound connection between causal fermion systems and physical systems in Minkowski space.
The book is intended for graduate students entering the field, and is furthermore a valuable reference work for researchers in quantum field theory and quantum gravity.
Tao Yang · Ming C Lin · Ralph R Martin · Jian Chang · Shimin Hu. Versatile interactions at interfaces for SPH-based simulations. In ACM SIGGRAPH/Eurographics Symposium on Computer Animation.Page 57-66.2016.
This article presents a novel and flexible bubble modelling technique for multi-fluid simulations using a volume fraction representation. By combining the volume fraction data obtained from a primary multi-fluid simulation with simple and efficient secondary bubble simulation, a range of real-world bubble phenomena are captured with a high degree of physical realism, including large bubble deformation, sub-cell bubble motion, bubble stacking over the liquid surface, bubble volume change, dissolving of bubbles, etc. Without any change in the primary multi-fluid simulator, our bubble modelling approach is applicable to any multi-fluid simulator based on the volume fraction representation.
In this expository note we discuss some arithmetic aspects of the mirror symmetry for plane cubic curves. We also explain how the Picard-Fuchs equation can be used to reveal part of these arithmetic properties. The application of Picard-Fuchs equations in studying the genus zero Gromov-Witten invariants of more general Calabi-Yau varieties and the Weil-Petersson geometry on their moduli spaces will also be discussed.
Tiexiang LiDepartment of Mathematics, Southeast UniversityTsung-Ming HuangDepartment of Mathematics, National Taiwan Normal UniversityWen-Wei LinDepartment of Applied Mathematics, National Chiao Tung UniversityJenn-Nan WangInstitute of Applied Mathematics, National Taiwan University
We study a robust and efficient eigensolver for computing the positive dense spectrum of the two-dimensional transmission eigenvalue problem (TEP) which is derived from the Maxwell’s equation with complex media in pseudo-chiral model and the transverse magnetic mode. The discretized governing equations by the N ́ed ́elec edge element result in a large-scale quadratic eigenvalue problem (QEP). We estimate half of the positive eigenvalues of the QEP are on some interval which forms a dense spectrum of the QEP. The quadratic Jacobi-Davidson method with a so-called non-equivalence deflation technique is proposed to compute the dense spectrum of the QEP. Intensive numerical experiments show that our proposed method makes the convergence efficiently and robustly even it needs to compute more than 5000 desired eigenpairs. Numerical results also illustrate that the computed eigenvalue curves can be approximated by the non- linear functions which can be applied to estimate the density of the eigenvalues for the TEP.