Jérémie BrieusselInstitut/Laboratoire Montpelliérain Alexander Grothendieck (IMAG) (UMR 5149), Université de Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, FranceTianyi Zheng Department of Mathematics, Stanford University, Stanford (Palo Alto) CA 94305
Group Theory and Lie TheoryMetric GeometryProbabilitymathscidoc:2203.17002
We give a solution to the inverse problem (given a prescribed function, find a corresponding group) for large classes of speed, entropy, isoperimetric profile, return probability and Lp-compression functions of finitely generated groups. For smaller classes, we give solutions among solvable groups of exponential volume growth. As corollaries, we prove a recent conjecture of Amir on joint evaluation of speed and entropy exponents and we obtain a new proof of the existence of uncountably many pairwise non-quasi-isometric solvable groups, originally due to Cornulier and Tessera. We also obtain a formula relating the Lp-compression exponent of a group and its wreath product with the cyclic group forp in [1,2].
We study the random field Ising model on Z^2 where the external field is given by i.i.d. Gaussian variables with mean zero and positive variance. We show that the effect of boundary conditions on the magnetization in a finite box decays exponentially in the distance to the boundary.
Ilya GekhtmanDepartment of Mathematics, Technion-Israeli Institute of Technology, 32000 Haifa, IsraelVictor GerasimovDepartamento de Matemática, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, Caixa Postal 702, 30161-970 BrasilLeonid PotyagailoUFR de Mathématiques, Université de Lille, 59655 Villeneuve d’Ascq, FranceWenyuan YangBeijing International Center for Mathematical Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Dynamical SystemsGeometric Analysis and Geometric TopologyGroup Theory and Lie TheoryProbabilitymathscidoc:2203.11005
For a random walk on a finitely generated group G we obtain a generalization of a classical inequality of Ancona. We deduce as a corollary that the identity map on G extends to a continuous equivariant surjection from the Martin boundary to the Floyd boundary, with preimages of conical points being singletons. This provides new results for Martin compactifications of relatively hyperbolic groups.
Federico CamiaDivision of Science, NYU Abu Dhabi, Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi, UAEJianping JiangNYU-ECNU Institute of Mathematical, Sciences at NYU Shanghai, 3663 Zhongshan Road North, Shanghai, 200062 P.R. CHINACharles M. NewmanCourant Institute, 251 Mercer St, New York, NY, 10012 USA
We consider the Ising model at its critical temperature with external magnetic field ha15/8 on the square lattice with lattice spacing a. We show that the truncated two-point function in this model decays exponentially with a rate independent of a as a ↓ 0. As a consequence, we show exponential decay in the near-critical scaling limit Euclidean magnetization field. For the lattice model with a = 1, the mass (inverse correlation length) is of order h8/15 as h ↓ 0; for the Euclidean field, it equals exactly Ch8/15 for some C. Although there has been much progress in the study of critical scaling limits, results on near-critical models are far fewer due to the lack of conformal invariance away from the critical point. Our arguments combine lattice and continuum FK representations, including coupled conformal loop and measure ensembles, showing that such ensembles can be useful even in the study of near-critical scaling limits. Thus we provide the first substantial application of measure ensembles.
Loewner’s equation provides a way to encode a simply connected domain or equivalently its uniformizing conformal map via a real-valued driving function of its boundary. The first main result of the present paper is that the Dirichlet energy of this driving function (also known as the Loewner energy) is equal to the Dirichlet energy of the log-derivative of the (appropriately defined) uniformizing conformal map. This description of the Loewner energy then enables to tie direct links with regularized determinants and Teichmüller theory: We show that for smooth simple loops, the Loewner energy can be expressed in terms of the zeta-regularized determinants of a certain Neumann jump operator. We also show that the family of finite Loewner energy loops coincides with the Weil–Petersson class of quasicircles, and that the Loewner energy equals to a multiple of the universal Liouville action introduced by Takhtajan and Teo, which is a Kähler potential for the Weil–Petersson metric on the Weil–Petersson Teichmüller space.