The conjecture about the Orlicz Pólya–Szegö principle posed in  is proved. The cases
of equality are characterized in the affine Orlicz Pólya–Szegö principle with respect to
Steiner symmetrization and Schwarz spherical symmetrization.
In this paper, a dual Orlicz–Brunn–Minkowski theory is presented. An Orlicz radial sum and dual Orlicz mixed volumes are introduced. The dual Orlicz–Minkowski inequality and the dual Orlicz–Brunn–Minkowski inequality are estab-lished. The variational formula for the volume with respect to the Orlicz radial sum is proved. The equivalence between the dual Orlicz–Minkowski inequality and the dual Orlicz–Brunn–Minkowski inequality is demonstrated. Orlicz intersection bodies are defined and the Orlicz–Busemann–Petty problem is posed.
The Orlicz–John ellipsoids, which are in the framework of the booming Orlicz Brunn–Minkowski theory, are introduced for the first time. It turns out that they are generalizations of the classical John ellipsoid and the evolved Lp John ellipsoids. The analog of Ball’s volume-ratio inequality is established for the new Orlicz–John ellipsoids. The connection between the isotropy of measures and the characterization of Orlicz–John ellipsoids is demonstrated.