A major challenge for ridesharing platforms is to guarantee profit and fairness simultaneously, especially in the presence of misaligned incentives of drivers and riders. We focus on the dispatchingpricing problem to maximize the total revenue while keeping both drivers and riders satisfied. We study the computational complexity of the problem, provide a novel two-phased pricing solution with revenue and fairness guarantees, extend it to stochastic settings and develop a dynamic (a.k.a., learning-while-doing) algorithm that actively collects data to learn the demand distribution during the scheduling process. We also conduct extensive experiments to demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithms.
A human does not have to see all elephants to recognize an animal as an elephant. On contrast, current state-of-the-art deep learning approaches heavily depend on the variety of training samples and the capacity of the network. In practice, the size of network is always limited and it is impossible to access all the data samples. Under this circumstance, deep learning models are extremely fragile to human-imperceivable adversarial examples, which impose threats to all safety critical systems. Inspired by the association and attention mechanisms of the human brain, we propose reverse adversarial examples method that can greatly improve models' robustness on unseen data. Experiments show that our reverse adversarial method can improve accuracy on average 19.02% on ResNet18, MobileNet, and VGG16 on unseen data transformation. Besides, the proposed method is also applicable to compressed models and shows potential to compensate the robustness drop brought by model quantization - an absolute 30.78% accuracy improvement.
Chenglong BaoDepartment of Mathematics, National University of Singapore, Singapore,119076Jian-Feng CaiDepartment of Mathematics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA, 52242Hui JiDepartment of Mathematics, National University of Singapore, Singapore,119076
In recent years, how to learn a dictionary from input images for sparse modelling has been one very active topic in image processing and recognition. Most existing dictionary learning methods consider an over-complete dictionary, e.g. the K-SVD method. Often they require solving some minimization problem that is very challenging in terms of computational feasibility and efficiency. However, if the correlations among dictionary atoms are not well constrained, the redundancy of the dictionary does not necessarily improve the performance of sparse coding. This paper proposed a fast orthogonal dictionary learning method for sparse image representation. With comparable performance on several image restoration tasks, the proposed method is much more computationally efficient than the over-complete dictionary based learning methods.