Coordinate-free characterization of homogeneous polynomials with isolated singularities

Irene Chen

S.-T. Yau High School Science Awarded Papers mathscidoc:1608.35032

2009
The Durfee conjecture, proposed in 1978, relates two important invariants of isolated hypersurface singularities by a famous inequality; however, the inequality in this conjecture is not sharp. In 1995, Yau announced his conjecture which proposed a sharp inequality. The Yau conjecture characterizes the conditions under which an affine hypersurface with an isoalted singularity at the origin is a cone over a nonsingular projective hypersurface; in other words, the conjecture gives a coordinate-free characterization of when a convergent power series is a homogeneous polynomial after a biholomorphic change of variables. In this project, we prove that the Yau conjecture holds for n = 5. As a consequence, we have proved that &5!pg≤μ-p(v)&, where &p(v) = (v-1)^5-v(v-1) ……(v-4)& and pg,μ,and v are, respectively, the geometric genus, the Milnor number, and the multiplicity of the isolated singularity at the origin of a weighted homogeneous polynomial. In the process, we have also defined yet another sharp upper bound for the number of positive integral points within a 5-dimensional simplex.
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@inproceedings{irene2009coordinate-free,
  title={Coordinate-free characterization of homogeneous polynomials with isolated singularities},
  author={Irene Chen},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20160813215155371112080},
  year={2009},
}
Irene Chen. Coordinate-free characterization of homogeneous polynomials with isolated singularities. 2009. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20160813215155371112080.
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