Bound-preserving discontinuous Galerkin methods for relativistic hydrodynamics

Tong Qin Brown University Chi-Wang Shu Brown University Yang Yang Michigan Technological University

Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing mathscidoc:1610.25014

Journal of Computational Physics, 315, 323-347, 2016
In this paper, we develop a discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method to solve the ideal special relativistic hydrodynamics (RHD) and design a bound-preserving (BP) limiter for this scheme by extending the idea in (X. Zhang and C.-W. Shu, Journal of Computational Physics, 229 (2010), 8918-8934). For RHD, the density and pressure are positive and the velocity is bounded by the speed of light. One difficulty in numerically solving the RHD in its conservative form is that the failure of preserving these physical bounds will result in ill-posedness of the problem and blowup of the code, especially in extreme relativistic cases. The standard way in dealing with this difficulty is to add extra numerical dissipation, while in doing so there is no guarantee in maintaining the high order of accuracy. Our BP limiter has the following features. It can theoretically guarantee to preserve the physical bounds for the numerical solution and maintain its designed high order accuracy. The limiter is local to the cell and hence is very easy to implement. Moreover, it renders $L^1$-stability to the numerical scheme. Numerical experiments are performed to demonstrate the good performance of this bound-preserving DG scheme. Even though we only discuss the BP limiter for DG schemes, it can be applied to high order finite volume schemes, such as weighted essentially non-oscillatory (WENO) finite volume schemes as well.
Bound-preserving; Discontinuous Galerkin method; Relativistic hydrodynamics; $L^1$-stability
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  title={Bound-preserving discontinuous Galerkin methods for relativistic hydrodynamics},
  author={Tong Qin, Chi-Wang Shu, and Yang Yang},
  booktitle={Journal of Computational Physics},
Tong Qin, Chi-Wang Shu, and Yang Yang. Bound-preserving discontinuous Galerkin methods for relativistic hydrodynamics. 2016. Vol. 315. In Journal of Computational Physics. pp.323-347.
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