Let X be a smooth, projective, geometrically connected curve over a finite field Fq, and let G be a split semisimple algebraic group over Fq. Its dual group Gˆ is a split reductive group over Z. Conjecturally, any l-adic Gˆ-local system on X (equivalently, any conjugacy class of continuous homomorphisms π1(X)→Gˆ(Q¯¯¯¯l)) should be associated with an everywhere unramified automorphic representation of the group G.
We show that for any homomorphism π1(X)→Gˆ(Q¯¯¯¯l) of Zariski dense image, there exists a finite Galois cover Y→X over which the associated local system becomes automorphic.
We prove that for every non-negative integer g, there exists a bound on the number of ends of a complete, embedded minimal surface M in R3 of genus g and finite topology. This bound on the finite number of ends when M has at least two ends implies that M has finite stability index which is bounded by a constant that only depends on its genus.
We prove that every lattice in a product of higher-rank simple Lie groups or higher-rank simple algebraic groups over local fields has Vincent Lafforgue’s strong property (T). Over non-Archimedean local fields, we also prove that they have strong Banach property (T) with respect to all Banach spaces with non-trivial type, whereas in general we obtain such a result with additional hypotheses on the Banach spaces. The novelty is that we deal with non-co-compact lattices, such as SLn(Z) for n⩾3. To do so, we introduce a stronger form of strong property (T) which allows us to deal with more general objects than group representations on Banach spaces that we call two-step representations, namely families indexed by a group of operators between different Banach spaces that we can compose only once. We prove that higher-rank groups have this property and that this property passes to undistorted lattices.
Full Text (PDF format)