We introduce the dynamical sine-Gordon equation in two space dimensions
with parameter β, which is the natural dynamic associated to the usual quantum sine-
Gordon model. It is shown that when β2 ∈ (0, 16π ) the Wick renormalised equation 3
is well-posed. In the regime β2 ∈ (0,4π), the Da Prato–Debussche method [J Funct
Anal 196(1):180–210, 2002; Ann Probab 31(4):1900–1916, 2003] applies, while for
β2 ∈ [4π, 16π ), the solution theory is provided via the theory of regularity structures 3
[Hairer, Invent Math 198(2):269–504, 2014]. We also show that this model arises naturally from a class of 2 + 1-dimensional equilibrium interface fluctuation models with periodic nonlinearities. The main mathematical difficulty arises in the construction of the model for the associated regularity structure where the role of the noise is played by a non-Gaussian random distribution similar to the complex multiplicative Gaussian chaos recently analysed in Lacoin et al.
We consider the KPZ equation in one space dimension driven by a sta- tionary centred space–time random field, which is sufficiently integrable and mixing, but not necessarily Gaussian. We show that, in the weakly asymmetric regime, the solution to this equation considered at a suitable large scale and in a suitable reference frame converges to the Hopf–Cole solution to the KPZ equation driven by space–time Gaussian white noise. While the limit- ing process depends only on the integrated variance of the driving field, the diverging constants appearing in the definition of the reference frame also depend on higher order moments.
We consider ASEP on a bounded interval and on a half‐line with sources and sinks. On the full line, Bertini and Giacomin in 1997 proved convergence under weakly asymmetric scaling of the height function to the solution of the KPZ equation. We prove here that under similar weakly asymmetric scaling of the sources and sinks as well, the bounded interval ASEP height function converges to the KPZ equation on the unit interval with Neumann boundary conditions on both sides (different parameter for each side), and likewise for the half‐line ASEP to KPZ on a half‐line. This result can be interpreted as showing that the KPZ equation arises at the triple critical point (maximal current / high density / low density) of the open ASEP.