# MathSciDoc: An Archive for Mathematician ∫

#### S.-T. Yau High School Science Awarded Papersmathscidoc:1608.35148

Dongrun-Yau Science Award, 2013
Starting from the roots of the equation 3^x + 4^x = 5^x discussed in the Tenth Grade, we utilized the method, the algebraic extension of the rational number eld, to produce the ways to judge whether the roots of the basic exponential equation with a form as a^x+b^x = c^x are rational or not. For equations with more than two terms on the left side, as is the equation a_1^x+a_2^x+··· +a_n^x = d^x, the determination of whether the root was irrational was comparatively dicult.Therefore, we provided a prevalent method for the examination of the root of a three-term equation as well as a conclusion that if the equation doesn't have integer roots, the roots won't be a rational number with a denominator of two. Finally, based on the method, the algebraic extension of the rational number eld, we concluded that under special occasions, the root of the equation can't be some rational numbers with certain denominators.
Keywords:exponential equation, algebraic extension, unit root
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