Dynamical Gravitational Coupling as a Modified Theory of General Relativity

Felix Finster University of Regensburg, Harvard University Christian Röken University of Regensburg

Publications of CMSA of Harvard mathscidoc:1702.38011

A modified theory of general relativity is proposed, where the gravitational constant is replaced by a dynamical variable in space-time. The dynamics of the gravitational coupling is described by a family of parametrized null geodesics, implying that the gravitational coupling at a space-time point is determined by solving transport equations along all null geodesics through this point. General relativity with dynamical gravitational coupling (DGC) is introduced. We motivate DGC from general considerations and explain how it arises in the context of causal fermion systems. The underlying physical idea is that the gravitational coupling is determined by microscopic structures on the Planck scale which propagate with the speed of light. In order to clarify the mathematical structure, we analyze the conformal behaviorn and prove local existence and uniqueness of the time evolution. The differences to Einstein’s theory are worked out in the examples of the Friedmann-RobertsonWalker model and the spherically symmetric collapse of a shell of matter. Potential implications for the problem of dark matter and for inflation are discussed. It is shown that the effects in the solar system are too small for being observable in present-day experiments.
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  title={Dynamical Gravitational Coupling as a Modified Theory of General Relativity},
  author={Felix Finster, and Christian Röken},
Felix Finster, and Christian Röken. Dynamical Gravitational Coupling as a Modified Theory of General Relativity. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20170207000755234115211.
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