Sharp upper estimate of geometric genus and coordinate-free characterization of isolated homogeneous hypersurface singularities

Ke-Pao Lin S. RAGHUVANSHI, Stephen S.-T. YAU tsinghua University Huaiqing Zuo tsinghua University

Number Theory mathscidoc:1803.24008

to appearAsian J. Math., 2018
The subject of counting positive lattice points in n-dimensional simplexes has interested mathematicians for decades due to its applications in singularity the- ory and number theory. Enumerating the lattice points in a right-angled simplex is equivalent to determining the geometric genus of an isolated singularity of a weighted homogeneous complex polynomial. It is also a method to shed insight into large gaps in the sequence of prime numbers. Seeking to contribute to these applications, in this paper, we prove the Yau Geometric Conjecture in six dimensions, a sharp upper bound for the number of positive lattice points in a six-dimensional tetrahedron. The main method of proof is summing existing sharp upper bounds for the number of points in 5-dimensional simplexes over the cross sections of the six-dimensional simplex. Our new results pave the way for the proof of a fully general sharp upper bound for the number of lattice points in a simplex. It also sheds new light on proving the Yau Geometric and Yau Number-Theoretic Conjectures in full generality.
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@inproceedings{ke-pao2018sharp,
  title={SHARP UPPER ESTIMATE OF GEOMETRIC GENUS AND COORDINATE-FREE CHARACTERIZATION OF ISOLATED HOMOGENEOUS HYPERSURFACE SINGULARITIES},
  author={Ke-Pao Lin, S. RAGHUVANSHI,, Stephen  S.-T. YAU, and Huaiqing Zuo},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20180307151319745891977},
  booktitle={to appearAsian J. Math.},
  year={2018},
}
Ke-Pao Lin, S. RAGHUVANSHI,, Stephen S.-T. YAU, and Huaiqing Zuo. SHARP UPPER ESTIMATE OF GEOMETRIC GENUS AND COORDINATE-FREE CHARACTERIZATION OF ISOLATED HOMOGENEOUS HYPERSURFACE SINGULARITIES. 2018. In to appearAsian J. Math.. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20180307151319745891977.
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