Establishing the phylogeny of Prochlorococcus with a new alignment-free method

Xin Zhao Tsinghua University Kun Tian Tsinghua University Rong L. He Chicago State University Stephen S.-T. Yau Tsinghua University

Data Analysis, Bio-Statistics, Bio-Mathematics mathscidoc:1904.42004

Prochlorococcus marinus, one of the most abundant marine cyanobacteria in the global ocean, is classified into low-light (LL) and high-light (HL) adapted ecotypes. These two adapted ecotypes differ in their ecophysiological characteristics, especially whether adapted for growth at high-light or low-light intensities. However, some evolutionary relationships of Prochlorococcus phylogeny remain to be resolved, such as whether the strains SS120 and MIT9211 form a monophyletic group. We use the Natural Vector (NV) method to represent the sequence in order to identify the phylogeny of the Prochlorococcus. The natural vector method is alignment free without any model assumptions. This study added the covariances of amino acids in protein sequence to the natural vector method. Based on these new natural vectors, we can compute the Hausdorff distance between the two clades which represents the dissimilarity. This method enables us to systematically analyze both the dataset of ribosomal proteomes and the dataset of 16s-23s rRNA sequences in order to reconstruct the phylogeny of Prochlorococcus. Furthermore, we apply classification to inspect the relationship of SS120 and MIT9211. From the reconstructed phylogenetic trees and classification results, we may conclude that the SS120 does not cluster with MIT9211. This study demonstrates a new method for performing phylogenetic analysis. The results confirm that these two strains do not form a monophyletic clade in the phylogeny of Prochlorococcus.
natural vector, phylogenetic analysis, Prochlorococcus, sequence analysis
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@inproceedings{xinestablishing,
  title={Establishing the phylogeny of Prochlorococcus with a new alignment-free method},
  author={Xin Zhao, Kun Tian, Rong L. He, and Stephen S.-T. Yau},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20190427214802337082282},
}
Xin Zhao, Kun Tian, Rong L. He, and Stephen S.-T. Yau. Establishing the phylogeny of Prochlorococcus with a new alignment-free method. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20190427214802337082282.
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