Mapping transcriptomic vector fields of single cells

Xiaojie Qiu Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA, USA Yan Zhang Department of Computational and System Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Jorge D. Martin-Rufino Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, USA Chen Weng Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA, USA Shayan Hosseinzadeh Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA Jianhua Xing Department of Computational and System Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Jonathan Weissman Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA, USA

Data Analysis, Bio-Statistics, Bio-Mathematics mathscidoc:2202.42001

Cell, 185, 690-711, 2022.2
Single-cell (sc)RNA-seq, together with RNA velocity and metabolic labeling, reveals cellular states and transitions at unprecedented resolution. Fully exploiting these data, however, requires kinetic models capable of unveiling governing regulatory functions. Here, we introduce an analytical framework dynamo (https://github.com/aristoteleo/dynamo-release), which infers absolute RNA velocity, reconstructs continuous vector fields that predict cell fates, employs differential geometry to extract underlying regulations, and ultimately predicts optimal reprogramming paths and perturbation outcomes. We highlight dynamo’s power to overcome fundamental limitations of conventional splicing-based RNA velocity analyses to enable accurate velocity estimations on a metabolically labeled human hematopoiesis scRNA-seq dataset. Furthermore, differential geometry analyses reveal mechanisms driving early megakaryocyte appearance and elucidate asymmetrical regulation within the PU.1-GATA1 circuit. Leveraging the least-action-path method, dynamo accurately predicts drivers of numerous hematopoietic transitions. Finally, in silico perturbations predict cell-fate diversions induced by gene perturbations. Dynamo, thus, represents an important step in advancing quantitative and predictive theories of cell-state transitions.
vector field, dynamical systems, differential geometry, RNA velocity
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@inproceedings{xiaojie2022mapping,
  title={Mapping transcriptomic vector fields of single cells},
  author={Xiaojie Qiu, Yan Zhang, Jorge D. Martin-Rufino, Chen Weng, Shayan Hosseinzadeh, Jianhua Xing, and Jonathan Weissman},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220224061443687431901},
  booktitle={Cell},
  volume={185},
  pages={690-711},
  year={2022},
}
Xiaojie Qiu, Yan Zhang, Jorge D. Martin-Rufino, Chen Weng, Shayan Hosseinzadeh, Jianhua Xing, and Jonathan Weissman. Mapping transcriptomic vector fields of single cells. 2022. Vol. 185. In Cell. pp.690-711. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220224061443687431901.
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