Nonlinear matrix concentration via semigroup methods

De Huang California Institute of Technology, USA Joel A. Tropp California Institute of Technology, USA

TBD mathscidoc:2203.43027

Electron. J. Probab, 26, 1-31, 2021.1
Matrix concentration inequalities provide information about the probability that a random matrix is close to its expectation with respect to the l2 operator norm. This paper uses semigroup methods to derive sharp nonlinear matrix inequalities. The main result is that the classical Bakry–Émery curvature criterion implies subgaussian concentration for “matrix Lipschitz” functions. This argument circumvents the need to develop a matrix version of the log-Sobolev inequality, a technical obstacle that has blocked previous attempts to derive matrix concentration inequalities in this setting. The approach unifies and extends much of the previous work on matrix concentration. When applied to a product measure, the theory reproduces the matrix Efron–Stein inequalities due to Paulin et al. It also handles matrix-valued functions on a Riemannian manifold with uniformly positive Ricci curvature.
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  title={Nonlinear matrix concentration via semigroup methods},
  author={De Huang, and Joel A. Tropp},
  booktitle={Electron. J. Probab},
De Huang, and Joel A. Tropp. Nonlinear matrix concentration via semigroup methods. 2021. Vol. 26. In Electron. J. Probab. pp.1-31.
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