Construction and Classification of Symmetry-Protected Topological Phases in Interacting Fermion Systems

Qing-Rui Wang Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China Zheng-Cheng Gu Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China

Mathematical Physics arXiv subject: High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th) arXiv subject: Strongly Correlated Electrons (cond-mat.str-el) mathscidoc:2206.22006

Physical Review X, 10, 031055, 2020.9
The classification and lattice model construction of symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phases in interacting fermion systems are very interesting but challenging. In this paper, we give a systematic fixed-point wave function construction of fermionic SPT (FSPT) states for generic fermionic symmetry group G_f = \mathbb{Z}^f_2 ×_{ω_2} G_b which is a central extension of bosonic symmetry group Gb (may contain time-reversal symmetry) by the fermion parity symmetry group \mathbb{Z}^f_2 = {1,P_f}. Our construction is based on the concept of an equivalence class of finite-depth fermionic symmetric local unitary transformations and decorating symmetry domain wall picture, subjected to certain obstructions. We also discuss the systematical construction and classification of boundary anomalous SPT states which leads to a trivialization of the corresponding bulk FSPT states. Thus, we conjecture that the obstruction-free and trivialization-free constructions naturally lead to a classification of FSPT phases. Each fixed-point wave function admits an exactly solvable commuting-projector Hamiltonian. We believe that our classification scheme can be generalized to point and space group symmetry as well as continuum Lie group symmetry.
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@inproceedings{qing-rui2020construction,
  title={Construction and Classification of Symmetry-Protected Topological Phases in Interacting Fermion Systems},
  author={Qing-Rui Wang, and Zheng-Cheng Gu},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220616164942694213395},
  booktitle={Physical Review X},
  volume={10},
  pages={031055},
  year={2020},
}
Qing-Rui Wang, and Zheng-Cheng Gu. Construction and Classification of Symmetry-Protected Topological Phases in Interacting Fermion Systems. 2020. Vol. 10. In Physical Review X. pp.031055. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220616164942694213395.
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