Study protocol for a comparative effectiveness evaluation of abiraterone acetate against enzalutamide: a longitudinal study based on Swedish administrative registers

Per Johansson Statistics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; YMSC, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China Paulina Jonéus Department of Statistics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden Sophie Langenskiöld Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

TBD mathscidoc:2206.43022

BMJ Open 2021, 11, 2021.10
Introduction. This paper presents a study protocol for a comparative effectiveness evaluation of abiraterone acetate against enzalutamide in clinical practice, two cancer drugs given to patients suffering from advanced prostate cancer. Method and analysis. The protocol designs a comparative-effectiveness analysis of abiraterone acetate against enzalutamide. With the substantial number of covariates a two-step procedure is suggested in choosing relevant covariates in the matching design. In the first step, an exploratory factor analysis reduces the dimension of a large set of continuous covariates to nine factors. In the second step, we reduce the dimension of the covariates, interactions and second order terms for the continuous covariates using propensity score estimation. The final design makes use of a genetic matching algorithm. The study protocol provides a detailed statistical analysis plan of the analysis sample derived from the matching design. The analysis will make use of linear regression and robust inference adjusted for multisignificance testing. Discussion. As in a randomised experiment the focus is on the design of the assignment to treatment. This allows the publication of this preanalysis plan before having access to outcome data. This means that the p values will be correct if the maintained assumption of uncounfoundedness is valid. Given that is p-hacking is substantial problem in empirical research, this is a substantial strength of this study. However, while design yields, balance on the observed covariates one cannot discard the possibility that unobserved confounders are not balanced. For that reason, sensitivity tests for the maintained assumption of uncounfoundedness are presented. Ethics and dissemination. The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board in Uppsala, Sweden (Dnr 2017/482). Results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and distributed to relevant stakeholders in healthcare.
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@inproceedings{per2021study,
  title={Study protocol for a comparative effectiveness evaluation of abiraterone acetate against enzalutamide: a longitudinal study based on Swedish administrative registers},
  author={Per Johansson, Paulina Jonéus, and Sophie Langenskiöld},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220621165552740484429},
  booktitle={BMJ Open 2021},
  volume={11},
  year={2021},
}
Per Johansson, Paulina Jonéus, and Sophie Langenskiöld. Study protocol for a comparative effectiveness evaluation of abiraterone acetate against enzalutamide: a longitudinal study based on Swedish administrative registers. 2021. Vol. 11. In BMJ Open 2021. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220621165552740484429.
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