Finite Difference Schemes for Incompressible Flow Based on Local Pressure Boundary Conditions

Hans Johnston University of Michigan Jian-Guo Liu University of Maryland

Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing mathscidoc:1702.25053

Journal of Computational Physics, 180, (1), 120–154, 2002.7
In this paper we discuss the derivation and use of local pressure boundary conditions for finite difference schemes for the unsteady incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in the velocity-pressure formulation. Their use is especially well suited for the computation of moderate to large Reynolds number flows. We explore the similarities between the implementation and use of local pressure boundary conditions and local vorticity boundary conditions in the design of numerical schemes for incompressible flow in 2D. In their respective formulations, when these local numerical boundary conditions are coupled with a fully explicit convectively stable time stepping procedure, the resulting methods are simple to implement and highly efficient. Unlike the vorticity formulation, the use of the local pressure boundary condition approach is readily applicable to 3D flows. The simplicity of the local pressure boundary condition approach and its easy adaptation to more general flow settings make the resulting scheme an attractive alternative to the more popular methods for solving the Navier-Stokes equations in the velocity-pressure formulation. We present numerical results of a second-order finite difference scheme on a nonstaggered grid using local pressure boundary conditions. Stability and accuracy of the scheme applied to Stokes flow is demonstrated using normal mode analysis. Also described is the extension of the method to variable density flows.
incompressible flow; finite difference methods; pressure Poisson solver; local pressure boundary conditions
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@inproceedings{hans2002finite,
  title={Finite Difference Schemes for Incompressible Flow Based on Local Pressure Boundary Conditions},
  author={Hans Johnston, and Jian-Guo Liu},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20170209111601519989383},
  booktitle={Journal of Computational Physics},
  volume={180},
  number={1},
  pages={120–154},
  year={2002},
}
Hans Johnston, and Jian-Guo Liu. Finite Difference Schemes for Incompressible Flow Based on Local Pressure Boundary Conditions. 2002. Vol. 180. In Journal of Computational Physics. pp.120–154. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20170209111601519989383.
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