Bioinformatic analysis reveals the expression of unique transcriptomic signatures in Zika virus infected human neural stem cells

Alyssa J Rolfe Dale B Bosco Jingying Wang Richard S Nowakowski Jianqing Fan Yi Ren

Data Analysis mathscidoc:1912.43343

Cell & bioscience, 6, (1), 42, 2016.12
The single-stranded RNA Flavivirus, Zika virus (ZIKV), has recently re-emerged and spread rapidly across the western hemispheres equatorial countries, primarily through Aedes mosquito transmission. While symptoms in adult infections appear to be self-limiting and mild, severe birth defects, such as microcephaly, have been linked to infection during early pregnancy. Recently, Tang et al. (Cell Stem Cell 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2016.02.016 ) demonstrated that ZIKV efficiently infects induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs), resulting in cell cycle abnormalities and apoptosis. Consequently, hNPCs are a suggested ZIKV target. We analyzed the transcriptomic sequencing (RNA-seq) data (GEO: GSE78711) of ZIKV (Strain: MR766) infected hNPCs. For comparison to the ZIKV-infected hNPCs, the expression data from hNPCs infected with human cytomegalovirus (CMV) (Strain: AD169) was used (GEO: GSE35295). Utilizing a combination of Gene Ontology, database of human diseases, and pathway analysis, we generated a putative systemic model of infection supported by known molecular pathways of other highly related viruses. We analyzed RNA-sequencing data for transcript expression alterations in ZIKV-infected hNPCs, and then compared them to expression patterns of iPSC-derived hNPCs infected with CMV, a virus that can also induce severe congenital neurological defects in developing fetuses. We demonstrate for the first time that many of cellular pathways correlate with clinical pathologies following ZIKV infection such as microcephaly, congenital nervous
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@inproceedings{alyssa2016bioinformatic,
  title={Bioinformatic analysis reveals the expression of unique transcriptomic signatures in Zika virus infected human neural stem cells},
  author={Alyssa J Rolfe, Dale B Bosco, Jingying Wang, Richard S Nowakowski, Jianqing Fan, and Yi Ren},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20191221113830903513903},
  booktitle={Cell & bioscience},
  volume={6},
  number={1},
  pages={42},
  year={2016},
}
Alyssa J Rolfe, Dale B Bosco, Jingying Wang, Richard S Nowakowski, Jianqing Fan, and Yi Ren. Bioinformatic analysis reveals the expression of unique transcriptomic signatures in Zika virus infected human neural stem cells. 2016. Vol. 6. In Cell & bioscience. pp.42. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20191221113830903513903.
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