Admissible States and Physical-Constraints-Preserving Schemes for Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamic Equations

Kailiang Wu Peking University Huazhong Tang Peking University

Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing mathscidoc:2104.25002

Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (M3AS), 27, (10), 1871–1928, 2017.7
This paper first studies the admissible state set $\mathcal G$ of relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (RMHD). It paves a way for developing physical-constraints-preserving (PCP) schemes for the RMHD equations with the solutions in $\mathcal G$. To overcome the difficulties arising from the extremely strong nonlinearities and no explicit formulas of the primitive variables and the flux vectors with respect to the conservative vector, two equivalent forms of $\mathcal G$ with explicit constraints on the conservative vector are skillfully discovered. The first is derived by analyzing roots of several polynomials and transferring successively them, and further used to prove the convexity of $\mathcal G$ with the aid of semi-positive definiteness of the second fundamental form of a hypersurface. While the second is derived based on the convexity, and then used to show the orthogonal invariance of $\mathcal G$. The Lax–Friedrichs (LxF) splitting property does not hold generally for the nonzero magnetic field, but by a constructive inequality and pivotal techniques, we discover the generalized LxF splitting properties, combining the convex combination of some LxF splitting terms with a discrete divergence-free condition of the magnetic field. Based on the above analyses, several 1D and 2D PCP schemes are then studied. In the 1D case, a first-order accurate LxF-type scheme is first proved to be PCP under the Courant–Friedrichs–Lewy (CFL) condition, and then the high-order accurate PCP schemes are proposed via a PCP limiter. In the 2D case, the discrete divergence-free condition and PCP property are analyzed for a first-order accurate LxF-type scheme, and two sufficient conditions are derived for high-order accurate PCP schemes. Our analysis reveals in theory for the first time that the discrete divergence-free condition is closely connected with the PCP property. Several numerical examples demonstrate the theoretical findings and the performance of numerical schemes.
relativistic magnetohydrodynamics, physical-constraints-preserving schemes, admissible state set, convexity, generalized Lax-Friedrichs splitting, discrete divergence-free condition
[ Download ] [ 2021-04-08 10:45:15 uploaded by klwu ] [ 42 downloads ] [ 0 comments ]
@inproceedings{kailiang2017admissible,
  title={Admissible States and Physical-Constraints-Preserving Schemes for Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamic Equations},
  author={Kailiang Wu, and Huazhong Tang},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20210408104515371213782},
  booktitle={Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (M3AS)},
  volume={27},
  number={10},
  pages={1871–1928},
  year={2017},
}
Kailiang Wu, and Huazhong Tang. Admissible States and Physical-Constraints-Preserving Schemes for Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamic Equations. 2017. Vol. 27. In Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (M3AS). pp.1871–1928. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20210408104515371213782.
Please log in for comment!
 
 
Contact us: office-iccm@tsinghua.edu.cn | Copyright Reserved