Linear and weakly nonlinear analysis of Rayleigh-Benard convection of perfect gas with non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq effects

Shuang Liu University of Science and Technology of China Shuning Xia Shanghai University Rui Yan University of Science and Technology of China Zhenhua Wan University of Science and Technology of China Dejun Sun University of Science and Technology of China

Fluid Dynamics and Shock Waves mathscidoc:2205.14010

Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 845, 2018.4
The influences of non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq (NOB) effects on flow instabilities and bifurcation characteristics of Rayleigh-Benard convection are examined. The working fluid is air with reference Prandtl number Pr = 0.71 and contained in two-dimensional rigid cavities of finite aspect ratios. The fluid flow is governed by the low-Mach-number equations, accounting for the NOB effects due to large temperature difference involving flow compressibility and variations of fluid viscosity and thermal conductivity with temperature. The intensity of NOB effects is measured by the dimensionless temperature differential epsilon. Linear stability analysis of the thermal conduction state is performed. An epsilon(2) scaling of the leading-order corrections of critical Rayleigh number Ra-cr and disturbance growth rate sigma due to NOB effects is identified, which is a consequence of an intrinsic symmetry of the system. The influences of weak NOB effects on flow instabilities are further studied by perturbation expansion of linear stability equations with regard to epsilon, and then the influence of aspect ratio A is investigated in detail. NOB effects are found to enhance (weaken) flow stability in large (narrow) cavities. Detailed contributions of compressibility, viscosity and buoyancy actions on disturbance kinetic energy growth are identified quantitatively by energy analysis. Besides, a weakly nonlinear theory is developed based on centre-manifold reduction to investigate the NOB influences on bifurcation characteristics near convection onset, and amplitude equations are constructed for both codimension-one and -two cases. Rich bifurcation regimes are observed based on amplitude equations and also confirmed by direct numerical simulation. Weakly nonlinear analysis is useful for organizing and understanding these simulation results.
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@inproceedings{shuang2018linear,
  title={Linear and weakly nonlinear analysis of Rayleigh-Benard convection of perfect gas with non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq effects},
  author={Shuang Liu, Shuning Xia, Rui Yan, Zhenhua Wan, and Dejun Sun},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220517144235551316226},
  booktitle={Journal of Fluid Mechanics},
  volume={845},
  year={2018},
}
Shuang Liu, Shuning Xia, Rui Yan, Zhenhua Wan, and Dejun Sun. Linear and weakly nonlinear analysis of Rayleigh-Benard convection of perfect gas with non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq effects. 2018. Vol. 845. In Journal of Fluid Mechanics. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220517144235551316226.
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