Spectra and structure functions of the temperature and velocity fields in supergravitational thermal turbulence

Dongpu Wang Tsinghua University Shuang Liu Tsinghua University Quan Zhou Shanghai University Chao Sun Tsinghua University

Fluid Dynamics and Shock Waves mathscidoc:2205.14014

Physics of Fluids, 34, 2022.5
We analyze the power spectra and structure functions (SFs) of the temperature and radial velocity fields, calculated in the radial and azimuthal directions, in annular centrifugal Rayleigh–Bénard convection (ACRBC) for Rayleigh number Ra ∈[108,1011], Prandtl number Pr = 10.7, and inverse Rossby number Ro−1=16 using the spatial data obtained by quasi-two-dimensional direct numerical simulation. Bolgiano and Obukhov-like (BO59-like) scalings for the energy spectrum in both the azimuthal and radial directions and thermal spectrum in the azimuthal direction are observed. The range of BO59-like scaling becomes wider as Ra increases. At Ra=1011, it is found that BO59-like scaling Eu(kr)∼kr−11/5 spans nearly two decades for the energy spectrum calculated in the radial direction. Power-law fittings in the range larger than the Bolgiano scales, the scaling exponents of transverse and longitudinal velocity SFs vs the order coincide with the theoretical prediction of BO59 scaling ζ u p =3p/5 basically. The second-order temperature SFs exhibit a gradual transition from the Obukhov–Corrsin behavior at scales smaller than the Bolgiano scales to the BO59 behavior at scales larger than the Bolgiano scales. The slopes from the third to sixth-order temperature SFs are similar, which is similar to classical Rayleigh–Bénard convection and Rayleigh–Taylor turbulence. The probability density functions (p.d.f.) of temperature fluctuations δT/σT reveal the cold plumes are strong and the p.d.f. in different regions at high Ra are similar. The stronger turbulent-mixing and larger centrifugal buoyancy in ACRBC may result in the BO59-like scaling.
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@inproceedings{dongpu2022spectra,
  title={Spectra and structure functions of the temperature and velocity fields in supergravitational thermal turbulence},
  author={Dongpu Wang, Shuang Liu, Quan Zhou, and Chao Sun},
  url={http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220517145329865639230},
  booktitle={Physics of Fluids},
  volume={34},
  year={2022},
}
Dongpu Wang, Shuang Liu, Quan Zhou, and Chao Sun. Spectra and structure functions of the temperature and velocity fields in supergravitational thermal turbulence. 2022. Vol. 34. In Physics of Fluids. http://archive.ymsc.tsinghua.edu.cn/pacm_paperurl/20220517145329865639230.
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