We introduce the notion of symplectic flatness for connections and fiber bundles over symplectic manifolds. Given an $A_\infty$-algebra, we present a flatness condition that enables the twisting of the differential complex associated with the $A_\infty$-algebra. The symplectic flatness condition arises from twisting the $A_\infty$-algebra of differential forms constructed by Tsai, Tseng and Yau. When the symplectic manifold is equipped with a compatible metric, the symplectic flat connections represent a special subclass of Yang-Mills connections. We further study the cohomologies of the twisted differential complex and give a simple vanishing theorem for them.
Yong LinYau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaChong WangSchool of Mathematics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Cangzhou Normal University, 061000 China
CombinatoricsAlgebraic Topology and General Topologymathscidoc:2207.06006
In this paper, we prove that discrete Morse functions on digraphs are flat Witten-Morse functions and Witten complexes of transitive digraphs approach to Morse complexes. We construct a chain complex consisting of the formal linear combinations of paths which are not only critical paths of the transitive closure but also allowed elementary paths of the digraph, and prove that the homology of the new chain complex is isomorphic to the path homology. On the basis of the above results, we give the Morse inequalities on digraphs.
Yong LinYau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaChong WangSchool of Mathematics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Cangzhou Normal University, 061000 ChinaShing-Tung YauDepartment of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
CombinatoricsAlgebraic Topology and General Topologymathscidoc:2207.06004
In this paper, we give a necessary and sufficient condition that discrete Morse functions on a digraph can be extended to be Morse functions on its transitive closure, from this we can extend the Morse theory to digraphs by using quasi-isomorphism between path complex and discrete Morse complex, we also prove a general sufficient condition for digraphs that the Morse functions satisfying this necessary and sufficient condition.