Yong LinYau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaChong WangSchool of Mathematics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Cangzhou Normal University, 061000 China
CombinatoricsAlgebraic Topology and General Topologymathscidoc:2207.06006
In this paper, we prove that discrete Morse functions on digraphs are flat Witten-Morse functions and Witten complexes of transitive digraphs approach to Morse complexes. We construct a chain complex consisting of the formal linear combinations of paths which are not only critical paths of the transitive closure but also allowed elementary paths of the digraph, and prove that the homology of the new chain complex is isomorphic to the path homology. On the basis of the above results, we give the Morse inequalities on digraphs.
Yong LinYau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaChong WangSchool of Mathematics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Cangzhou Normal University, 061000 ChinaShing-Tung YauDepartment of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
CombinatoricsAlgebraic Topology and General Topologymathscidoc:2207.06004
In this paper, we give a necessary and sufficient condition that discrete Morse functions on a digraph can be extended to be Morse functions on its transitive closure, from this we can extend the Morse theory to digraphs by using quasi-isomorphism between path complex and discrete Morse complex, we also prove a general sufficient condition for digraphs that the Morse functions satisfying this necessary and sufficient condition.
We define the smooth Lipschitz topology on the moduli space and show that each conformal class is dense in the moduli space endowed with Gromov-Hausdorff topology, which offers an answer to Tuschmann’s question.