In this paper, we study contact surgeries along Legendrian links in the standard contact 3-sphere. On one hand, we use algebraic methods to prove the vanishing of the contact Ozsváth–Szabó invariant for contact (+1)-surgery along certain Legendrian two component links. The main tool is a link surgery formula for Heegaard Floer homology developed by Manolescu and Ozsváth.
On the other hand, we use contact-geometric argument to show the overtwistedness of the contact 3-manifolds obtained by contact (+1)-surgeries along Legendrian two-component links whose two components are linked in some special configurations.
We introduce an Alexander polynomial for MOY graphs. For a framed trivalent MOY
graph G, we refine the construction and obtain a framed ambient isotopy invariant
\Delta(G,c)(t). The invariant \Delta(G,c)(t) satisfies a series of relations, which we call MOY type relations, and conversely these relations determine \Delta(G,c)(t). Using them we
provide a graphical definition of the Alexander polynomial of a link. Finally, we
discuss some properties and applications of our invariants.
We study the heat kernel of a regular symmetric Dirichlet form on a metric space with doubling measure, in particular, a connection between the properties of the jump measure and the long time behaviour of the heat kernel. Under appropriate optimal hypotheses, we obtain the Hölder regularity and lower estimates of the heat kernel.
We prove the diagonal upper bound of heat kernels for regular Dirichlet forms on metric measure spaces with volume doubling condition. As hypotheses, we use the Faber-Krahn inequality, the generalized capacity condition and an upper bound for the integrated tail of the jump kernel. The proof goes though a parabolic mean value inequality for subcaloric functions.