Sibasish BanerjeeWeyertal 86-90, Department of Mathematics, University of Cologne, 50679, Cologne, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Vivatsgasse 7, 53111 Bonn, GermanyPietro LonghiInstitute for Theoretical Physics, ETH Zurich, 8093, Zurich, SwitzerlandMauricio Andrés Romo JorqueraYau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
Symplectic GeometryAlgebraic GeometryarXiv subject: High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)mathscidoc:2207.34001
This paper studies a notion of enumerative invariants for stable A-branes, and discusses its relation to invariants defined by spectral and exponential networks. A natural definition of stable A-branes and their counts is provided by the string theoretic origin of the topological A-model. This is the Witten index of the supersymmetric quantum mechanics of a single D3 brane supported on a special Lagrangian in a Calabi-Yau threefold. Geometrically, this is closely related to the Euler characteristic of the A-brane moduli space. Using the natural torus action on this moduli space, we reduce the computation of its Euler characteristic to a count of fixed points via equivariant localization. Studying the A-branes that correspond to fixed points, we make contact with definitions of spectral and exponential networks. We find agreement between the counts defined via the Witten index, and the BPS invariants defined by networks. By extension, our definition also matches with Donaldson-Thomas invariants of B-branes related by homological mirror symmetry.
We introduce the notion of symplectic flatness for connections and fiber bundles over symplectic manifolds. Given an $A_\infty$-algebra, we present a flatness condition that enables the twisting of the differential complex associated with the $A_\infty$-algebra. The symplectic flatness condition arises from twisting the $A_\infty$-algebra of differential forms constructed by Tsai, Tseng and Yau. When the symplectic manifold is equipped with a compatible metric, the symplectic flat connections represent a special subclass of Yang-Mills connections. We further study the cohomologies of the twisted differential complex and give a simple vanishing theorem for them.