We study the moduli stack of degree 0 semistable G-bundles on an irreducible curve E of arithmetic genus 1, where G is a connected reductive group. Our main result describes a partition of this stack indexed by a certain family of connected reductive subgroups H of G (the E-pseudo-Levi subgroups), where each stratum is computed in terms of bundles on H together with the action of the relative Weyl group. We show that this result is equivalent to a Jordan–Chevalley theorem for such bundles equipped with a framingat a fixed basepoint. In the case where E has a single cusp (respectively, node),
this gives a new proof of the Jordan–Chevalley theorem for the Lie algebra g
(respectively, group G).
We also provide a Tannakian description of these moduli stacks and use it to show that if E is an ordinary elliptic curve, the collection of framed unipotent bundles on E is equivariantly isomorphic to the unipotent cone in G. Finally, we classify the E-pseudo-Levi subgroups using the Borel–de Siebenthal algorithm, and compute some explicit examples.