Planar polynomial curves have rational offset curves, if they are either Pythagorean-hodograph (PH) or indirect Pythagorean-hodograph (iPH) curves. In this paper, we derive an algebraic and two geometric characterizations for planar quartic iPH curves. The characterizations are given in terms of quantities related to the Bézier control polygon of the curve, and naturally extend to quartic and cubic PH and quadratic iPH curves.
This paper presents a method for generative design of decorative architectural parts such as corbel,moulding and panel, which
usually have clear structure and aesthetic details. The method is composed of two components: offline learning and online
generation. The offline learning trains a 2D CurveInfoGAN and a 3D VoxelVAE that learn the feature representations of the
parts in a dataset. The online generation proceeds with an evolution procedure that evolves to product new generation of
part components by selecting, crossing over and mutating features, followed by a feature-driven deformation that synthesizes
the 3D mesh representation of new models. Built upon these technical components, a generative design tool is developed,
which allows the user to input a decorative architectural model as a reference and then generates a set of new models that
are “more of the same” as the reference and meanwhile exhibit some “surprising” elements. The experiments demonstrate
the effectiveness of the method and also showcase the use of classic geometric modelling and advanced machine learning
techniques in modelling of architectural parts.
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\dQ$ and $A$ another elliptic curve over a real quadratic number field. We construct a $\dQ$-motive of rank $8$, together with a distinguished class in the associated Bloch--Kato Selmer group, using Hirzebruch--Zagier cycles, that is, graphs of Hirzebruch--Zagier morphisms. We show that, under certain assumptions on $E$ and $A$, the non-vanishing of the central critical value of the (twisted) triple product $L$-function attached to $(E,A)$ implies that the dimension of the associated Bloch--Kato Selmer group of the motive is $0$; and the non-vanishing of the distinguished class implies that the dimension of the associated Bloch--Kato Selmer group of the motive is $1$. This can be viewed as the triple product version of Kolyvagin's work on bounding Selmer groups of a single elliptic curve using Heegner points.