Peng YeUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignTaylor L. HughesUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignJoseph MaciejkoUniversity of Alberta, Canadian Institute for Advanced ResearchEduardo FradkinUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Publications of CMSA of Harvardmathscidoc:1702.38070
Topological phases of matter are usually realized in deconfined phases of gauge theories. In this context, confined phases with strongly fluctuating gauge fields seem to be irrelevant to the physics of topological phases. For example, the low-energy theory of the two-dimensional (2D) toric code model (i.e. the deconfined phase of ℤ2 gauge theory) is a U(1)×U(1) Chern-Simons theory in which gauge charges (i.e., e and m particles) are deconfined and the gauge fields are gapped, while the confined phase is topologically trivial. In this paper, we point out a new route to constructing exotic 3D gapped fermionic phases in a confining phase of a gauge theory. Starting from a parton construction with strongly fluctuating compact U(1)×U(1) gauge fields, we construct gapped phases of interacting fermions by condensing two linearly independent bosonic composite particles consisting of partons and U(1)×U(1) magnetic monopoles. This can be regarded as a 3D generalization of the 2D Bais-Slingerland condensation mechanism. Charge fractionalization results from a Debye-H\"uckel-like screening cloud formed by the condensed composite particles. Within our general framework, we explore two aspects of symmetry-enriched 3D Abelian topological phases. First, we construct a new fermionic state of matter with time-reversal symmetry and Θ≠π, the fractional topological insulator. Second, we generalize the notion of anyonic symmetry of 2D Abelian topological phases to the charge-loop excitation symmetry (𝖢𝗁𝖺𝗋𝗅𝖾𝗌) of 3D Abelian topological phases. We show that line twist defects, which realize 𝖢𝗁𝖺𝗋𝗅𝖾𝗌 transformations, exhibit non-Abelian fusion properties.
Sergio CecottiScuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi AvanzatiJaewon SongUniversity of California, San DiegoCumrun VafaHarvard UniversityWenbin YanHarvard University CMSA, California Institute of Technology
Publications of CMSA of Harvardmathscidoc:1702.38069
We show that specializations of the 4d =2 superconformal index labeled by an integer N is given by TrN where is the Kontsevich-Soibelman monodromy operator for BPS states on the Coulomb branch. We provide evidence that the states enumerated by these limits of the index lead to a family of 2d chiral algebras N. This generalizes the recent results for the N=−1 case which corresponds to the Schur limit of the superconformal index. We show that this specialization of the index leads to the same integrand as that of the elliptic genus of compactification of the superconformal theory on S2×T2 where we turn on 12N units of U(1)r flux on S2.
We initiate the study of M-strings in the thermodynamic limit. In this limit the BPS partition function of M5 branes localizes on configurations with a large number of strings which leads to a reformulation of the partition function in terms of a matrix model. We solve this matrix model and obtain its spectral curve which can be interpreted as the Seiberg-Witten curve associated to the compactified M5 brane theory.
Sergei GukovCalifornia Institute of Technology, Max-Planck-Institute for MathematicsDu PeiCalifornia Institute of TechnologyWenbin YanHarvard University CMSA, California Institute of TechnologyKe YeCalifornia Institute of Technology
Publications of CMSA of Harvardmathscidoc:1702.38067
In this paper, we show the equivalence between two seemingly distinct 2d TQFTs: one comes from the "Coulomb branch index" of the class S theory T[Σ,G] on L(k,1)×S1, the other is the LG "equivariant Verlinde formula", or equivalently partition function of LGℂ complex Chern-Simons theory on Σ×S1. We first derive this equivalence using the M-theory geometry and show that the gauge groups appearing on the two sides are naturally G and its Langlands dual LG. When G is not simply-connected, we provide a recipe of computing the index of T[Σ,G] as summation over indices of T[Σ,G̃ ] with non-trivial background 't Hooft fluxes, where G̃ is the simply-connected group with the same Lie algebra. Then we check explicitly this relation between the Coulomb index and the equivariant Verlinde formula for G=SU(2) or SO(3). In the end, as an application of this newly found relation, we consider the more general case where G is SU(N) or PSU(N) and show that equivariant Verlinde algebra can be derived using field theory via (generalized) Argyres-Seiberg duality. We also attach a Mathematica notebook that can be used to compute the SU(3) equivariant Verlinde coefficients.
We study chiral algebras associated with Argyres-Douglas theories engineered from M5 brane. For the theory engineered using 6d (2,0) type J theory on a sphere with a single irregular singularity (without mass parameter), its chiral algebra is the minimal model of W algebra of J type. For the theory engineered using an irregular singularity and a regular full singularity, its chiral algebra is the affine Kac-Moody algebra of J type. We can obtain the Schur index of these theories by computing the vacua character of the corresponding chiral algebra.