Sergio CecottiScuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi AvanzatiJaewon SongUniversity of California, San DiegoCumrun VafaHarvard UniversityWenbin YanHarvard University CMSA, California Institute of Technology
Publications of CMSA of Harvardmathscidoc:1702.38069
We show that specializations of the 4d =2 superconformal index labeled by an integer N is given by TrN where is the Kontsevich-Soibelman monodromy operator for BPS states on the Coulomb branch. We provide evidence that the states enumerated by these limits of the index lead to a family of 2d chiral algebras N. This generalizes the recent results for the N=−1 case which corresponds to the Schur limit of the superconformal index. We show that this specialization of the index leads to the same integrand as that of the elliptic genus of compactification of the superconformal theory on S2×T2 where we turn on 12N units of U(1)r flux on S2.
We initiate the study of M-strings in the thermodynamic limit. In this limit the BPS partition function of M5 branes localizes on configurations with a large number of strings which leads to a reformulation of the partition function in terms of a matrix model. We solve this matrix model and obtain its spectral curve which can be interpreted as the Seiberg-Witten curve associated to the compactified M5 brane theory.
Sergei GukovCalifornia Institute of Technology, Max-Planck-Institute for MathematicsDu PeiCalifornia Institute of TechnologyWenbin YanHarvard University CMSA, California Institute of TechnologyKe YeCalifornia Institute of Technology
Publications of CMSA of Harvardmathscidoc:1702.38067
In this paper, we show the equivalence between two seemingly distinct 2d TQFTs: one comes from the "Coulomb branch index" of the class S theory T[Σ,G] on L(k,1)×S1, the other is the LG "equivariant Verlinde formula", or equivalently partition function of LGℂ complex Chern-Simons theory on Σ×S1. We first derive this equivalence using the M-theory geometry and show that the gauge groups appearing on the two sides are naturally G and its Langlands dual LG. When G is not simply-connected, we provide a recipe of computing the index of T[Σ,G] as summation over indices of T[Σ,G̃ ] with non-trivial background 't Hooft fluxes, where G̃ is the simply-connected group with the same Lie algebra. Then we check explicitly this relation between the Coulomb index and the equivariant Verlinde formula for G=SU(2) or SO(3). In the end, as an application of this newly found relation, we consider the more general case where G is SU(N) or PSU(N) and show that equivariant Verlinde algebra can be derived using field theory via (generalized) Argyres-Seiberg duality. We also attach a Mathematica notebook that can be used to compute the SU(3) equivariant Verlinde coefficients.
We study chiral algebras associated with Argyres-Douglas theories engineered from M5 brane. For the theory engineered using 6d (2,0) type J theory on a sphere with a single irregular singularity (without mass parameter), its chiral algebra is the minimal model of W algebra of J type. For the theory engineered using an irregular singularity and a regular full singularity, its chiral algebra is the affine Kac-Moody algebra of J type. We can obtain the Schur index of these theories by computing the vacua character of the corresponding chiral algebra.
We use Coulomb branch indices of Argyres-Douglas theories on S1×L(k,1) to quantize moduli spaces H of wild/irregular Hitchin systems. In particular, we obtain formulae for the "wild Hitchin characters" -- the graded dimensions of the Hilbert spaces from quantization -- for four infinite families of H, giving access to many interesting geometric and topological data of these moduli spaces. We observe that the wild Hitchin characters can always be written as a sum over fixed points in H under the U(1) Hitchin action, and a limit of them can be identified with matrix elements of the modular transform STkS in certain two-dimensional chiral algebras. Although naturally fitting into the geometric Langlands program, the appearance of chiral algebras, which was known previously to be associated with Schur operators but not Coulomb branch operators, is somewhat surprising.