There are two important statements regarding the Trautman-Bondi mass at null infinity: one is the positivity, and the other
is the Bondi mass loss formula, which are both global in nature. The positivity of the quasi-local mass can potentially lead to a local description at null infinity. This is confirmed for the Vaidya spacetime in this note. We study the Wang-Yau quasi-local mass on surfaces of fixed size at the null infinity of the Vaidya spacetime. The optimal embedding equation is solved explicitly and the quasi-local mass is evaluated in terms of the mass aspect function of the Vaidya spacetime.
Very few previous studies have examined the forecast and delimiting of TV dramas evaluating indicators problem from the machine learning and statistic perspective. In this paper, we designed a series of web crawlers for collecting TV-drama-related indicators as raw data. The accurate prediction of the TV drama audience ratings and online views is achieved by the ARIMA model, RNNs, CLDNNs and RVM model. Statistical methods are applied to analyze and compare the TV ratings and the online views. Factor analysis is used to give a definition and calculation method of heat of TV dramas and rankings of the TV dramas based on heat. Finally, mixed CNNs is employed to predict heat of TV dramas using data of different dimensions. In this paper, web-crawler, traditional statistical method and the state-of-the art deep learning techniques are combined to give a basic application for predicting and ranking in TV drama industry.
For a fractal Schrodinger operator with a continuous potential and a coupling parameter, we obtain an analog of a semi-classical asymptotic formula for the number of bound states as the parameter tends to infinity. We also study Bohr's formula for Schrodinger operators on blowups of self-similar sets. For a Schrodinger operator defined by a fractal measure and a locally bounded potential that tends to infinity, we derive an analog of Bohr's formula under various assumptions. We demonstrate how these results can be applied to self-similar measures with overlaps, including the infinite Bernoulli convolution associated with the golden ratio, a family of convolutions of Cantor-type measures, and a family of measures that we call essentially of finite type.
The statistical structure on a manifold M is predicated upon a special kind of coupling between the Riemannian metric g and a torsion-free affine connection ∇ on the TM, such that ∇g is totally symmetric, forming, by definition, a “Codazzi pair” t∇, gu. In this paper, we first investigate various transformations of affine connections, including additive translation (by an arbitrary (1,2)-tensor K), multiplicative perturbation (through an arbitrary invertible operator L on TM), and conjugation (through a non-degenerate two-form h). We then study the Codazzi coupling of ∇ with h and its coupling with L, and the link between these two couplings. We introduce, as special cases of K-translations, various transformations that generalize traditional projective and dual-projective transformations, and study their commutativity with L-perturbation and h-conjugation transformations. Our derivations allow affine connections to carry torsion, and we investigate conditions under which torsions are preserved by the various transformations mentioned above. While reproducing some known results regarding Codazzi transform, conformal-projective transformation, etc., we extend much of these geometric relations, and hence obtain new geometric insights, for the general case of a non-degenerate two-form h (instead of the symmetric g) and an affine connection with possibly non-vanishing torsion. Our systematic approach establishes a general setting for the study of Information Geometry based on transformations and coupling relations of affine connections.
We provide a unified approach for constructing Wick words in mixed q-Gaussian algebras, which are generated by sj = aj +a ∗ j , j = 1, · · · , N, where aia ∗ j −qija ∗ j ai = δij . Here we also allow equality in −1 ≤ qij = qji ≤ 1. This approach relies on Speicher’s central limit theorem and the ultraproduct of von Neumann algebras. We also use the unified argument to show that the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck semigroup is hypercontractive, the Riesz transform associated to the number operator is bounded, and the number operator satisfies the Lp Poincar´e inequalities with constants C √p. Finally we prove that the mixed q-Gaussian algebra is weakly amenable and strongly solid in the sense of Ozawa and Popa. Our approach is mainly combinatorial and probabilistic. The results in this paper can be regarded as generalizations of previous results due to Speicher, Biane, Lust-Piquard, Avsec, et al.