Consider the problem of reconstructing unknown Robin inclusions inside a heat conductor from boundary measurements. This problem arises from active thermography and is formulated as an inverse boundary value problem for the heat equation. In our previous works, we proposed a sampling-type method for reconstructing the boundary of the Robin inclusion and gave its rigorous mathematical justification. This method is non-iterative and based on the characterization of the solution to the so-called Neumann-to-Dirichlet map gap equation. In this paper, we give a further investigation of the reconstruction method from both the theoretical and numerical points of view. First, we clarify the solvability of the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map gap equation and establish a relation of its solution to the Green function associated with an initial-boundary value problem for the heat equation inside the Robin inclusion. This naturally provides a way of computing this Green function from the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map and explains what is the input for the linear sampling method. Assuming that the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map gap equation has a unique solution, we also show the convergence of our method for noisy measurements. Second, we give the numerical implementation of the reconstruction method for two-dimensional spatial domains. The measurements for our inverse problem are simulated by solving the forward problem via the boundary integral equation method. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the efficiency and stability of the proposed method. By using a finite sequence of transient input over a time interval, we propose a new sampling method over the time interval by single measurement which is most likely to be practical.
We consider an inverse time-dependent source problem governed by a distributed time-fractional diffusion equation using interior measurement data. Such a problem arises in some ultra-slowdiffusion phenomena in many applied areas. Based on the regularity result of the solution to the direct problem, we establish the solvability of this inverse problem as well as the conditional stability
in suitable function space with a weak norm. By a variational identity connecting the unknown time-dependent source and the interior measurement data, the conjugate gradient method is also introduced to construct the inversion algorithm under the framework of regularizing scheme. We show the validity of the proposed scheme by several numerical examples.
Consider the image restoration from incomplete noisy frequency data with total variation and sparsity regularizing penalty terms. Firstly, we establish an unconstrained optimization model with dierent smooth approximations on the regularizing terms. Then, to weaken the amount of computations for cost functional with total variation term, the alternating iterative scheme is developed to obtain the exact solution through shrinkage thresholding in inner loop, while the nonlinear Euler equation is appropriately linearized at each iteration in exterior loop, yielding a linear system with diagonal coefficient matrix in frequency domain. Finally the linearized iteration is proven to be convergent in generalized sense for suitable regularizing parameters, and the error between the linearized iterative solution and the one gotten from the exact nonlinear Euler equation is rigorously estimated, revealing the essence of the proposed alternative iteration scheme. Numerical tests for different configurations show the validity of the proposed scheme, compared with some existing algorithms.
We develop Random Batch Methods for interacting particle systems with large number of particles. These methods use small but random batches for particle interactions, thus the computational cost is reduced from $O(N^2)$ per time step to $O(N)$, for a system with $N$ particles with binary interactions. On one hand, these methods are efficient Asymptotic-Preserving schemes for the underlying particle systems, allowing $N$-independent time steps and also capture, in the $N \to \infty$ limit, the solution of the mean field limit which are nonlinear Fokker-Planck equations; on the other hand, the stochastic processes generated by the algorithms can also be regarded as new models for the underlying problems. For one of the methods, we give a particle number independent error estimate under some special interactions. Then, we apply these methods to some representative problems in mathematics, physics, social and data sciences, including the Dyson Brownian motion from random matrix theory, Thomson's problem, distribution of wealth, opinion dynamics and clustering. Numerical results show that the methods can capture both the transient solutions and the global equilibrium in these problems.