In this paper, a dual Orlicz–Brunn–Minkowski theory is presented. An Orlicz radial sum and dual Orlicz mixed volumes are introduced. The dual Orlicz–Minkowski inequality and the dual Orlicz–Brunn–Minkowski inequality are estab-lished. The variational formula for the volume with respect to the Orlicz radial sum is proved. The equivalence between the dual Orlicz–Minkowski inequality and the dual Orlicz–Brunn–Minkowski inequality is demonstrated. Orlicz intersection bodies are defined and the Orlicz–Busemann–Petty problem is posed.