Among all the interesting spaces in topology, the spheres are no doubt beautiful objects and of most consideration since antiquity. Any nontrivial observations of them are of course very important. From the categorical point of view, we should not just focus on the objects themselves, but the morphisms between them as well. For this purpose, in algebraic topology, we do want to classify the set of continuous morphisms between spheres under the equivalent relation named homotopy, which describes a continuous deformation between two continuous maps. Let Sn be the n-sphere and k (X) be the set of homotopic equivalent based maps from Sk to X. For the reason that Sk is a double suspension when k 2, the set is actually an abelian group. A natural question is, what are these abelian groups?
Persistent homology is constrained to purely topological persistence, while multiscale graphs account only for geometric information. This work introduces persistent spectral theory to create a unified low-dimensional multiscale paradigm for revealing topological persistence and extracting geometric shapes from high-dimensional datasets. For a point-cloud dataset, a filtration procedure is used to generate a sequence of chain complexes and associated families of simplicial complexes and chains, from which we construct persistent combinatorial Laplacian matrices. We show that a full set of topological persistence can be completely recovered from the harmonic persistent spectra, that is, the spectra that have zero eigenvalues, of the persistent combinatorial Laplacian matrices. However, non-harmonic spectra of the Laplacian
matrices induced by the filtration offer another powerful tool for data analysis, modeling, and prediction. In this work, fullerene stability is predicted by using both harmonic spectra and non-harmonic persistent spectra, while the latter spectra are successfully devised to analyze the structure of fullerenes and model protein flexibility, which cannot be straightforwardly extracted from the current persistent homology. The proposed method is found to provide excellent predictions of the protein B-factors for which current popular biophysical models break down.
We introduce the notion of symplectic flatness for connections and fiber bundles over symplectic manifolds. Given an $A_\infty$-algebra, we present a flatness condition that enables the twisting of the differential complex associated with the $A_\infty$-algebra. The symplectic flatness condition arises from twisting the $A_\infty$-algebra of differential forms constructed by Tsai, Tseng and Yau. When the symplectic manifold is equipped with a compatible metric, the symplectic flat connections represent a special subclass of Yang-Mills connections. We further study the cohomologies of the twisted differential complex and give a simple vanishing theorem for them.
Yong LinYau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaChong WangSchool of Mathematics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Cangzhou Normal University, 061000 ChinaShing-Tung YauDepartment of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
CombinatoricsAlgebraic Topology and General Topologymathscidoc:2207.06004
In this paper, we give a necessary and sufficient condition that discrete Morse functions on a digraph can be extended to be Morse functions on its transitive closure, from this we can extend the Morse theory to digraphs by using quasi-isomorphism between path complex and discrete Morse complex, we also prove a general sufficient condition for digraphs that the Morse functions satisfying this necessary and sufficient condition.