We show that for a class of C2 quasiperiodic potentials and for any fixed Diophantinefrequency, the Lyapunov exponent of the corresponding Schrödinger cocycles, as a function of energies, are uniformly positive and weakly Hölder continuous. As a corollary, we obtain that the corresponding integrated density of states is weakly Hölder continuous as well. Our approach is of purely dynamical systems, which depends on a detailed analysis of asymptotic stable and unstable directions. We also apply it to more general SL(2, R)cocycles, which in turn can be applied to get uniform positivity and continuity of Lyapunovexponents around unique nondegenerate extremal points of any smooth potential, and to a certain class of C2 Szegő cocycles.
The main goal of this paper is to understand finer properties of the effective burning velocity from a combustion model introduced by Majda and Souganidis. Motivated by results of Bangert and applications in turbulent combus- tion, we show that when the dimension is two and the flow of the ambient fluid is either weak or very strong, the level set of the effective burning velocity has flat pieces. Due to the lack of an applicable Hopf-type rigidity result, we need to identify the exact location of at least one flat piece. Implications on the effective flame front and other related inverse type problems are also discussed.
We consider a large class of 2D area-preserving diffeomorphisms that are not uniformly hyperbolic but have strong hyperbolicity properties on large regions of their phase spaces. A prime example is the standard map. Lower bounds for Lyapunov exponents of such systems are very hard to estimate, due to the potential switching of “stable” and “unstable” directions. This paper shows that with the addition of (very) small random perturbations, one obtains with relative ease Lyapunov exponents reflecting the geometry of the deterministic maps.
This paper studies a two-strain SIS epidemic model with a competing mechanism and a saturating incidence rate
on complex networks. This type of incidence rate could be used to reflect the crowding effect of the
infective individuals. We first obtain the associated reproduction numbers for each of the two strains which
determine the existence of the boundary equilibria. Stability of the disease-free and boundary equilibria are
further examined. Besides, we also show that the two competing strains can coexist under certain conditions.
Interestingly, the saturating incidence rate can have specific effects on not only the stability of the boundary equilibria,
but also the existence of the coexistence equilibrium. Numerical simulations are presented to support the theoretical results.