We treat all the bivariate lack-of-memory (BLM) distributions in a unified approach and develop some new general properties of the BLM distributions, including joint moment generating function, product moments, and dependence structure. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the survival functions of BLM distributions to be totally positive of order two are given. Some previous results about specific BLM distributions are improved. In particular, we show that both the Marshall–Olkin survival copula and survival function are totally positive of all orders, regardless of parameters. Besides, we point out that Slepian’s inequality also holds true for BLM distributions.
This paper is about the propagation of the singularities in the solutions to the Cauchy problem of the spatially inhomogeneous Boltzmann equation with angular cutoff assumption. It is motivated by the work of BoudinDesvillettes on the propagation of singularities in solutions near vacuum. It shows that for the solution near a global Maxwellian, singularities in the initial data propagate like the free transportation. Precisely, the solution is the sum of two parts in which one keeps the singularities of the initial data and the other one is regular with locally bounded derivatives of fractional order in some Sobolev space. In addition, the dependence of the regularity on the cross-section is also given.
In this paper, we provide the O() corrections to the hydrodynamic model derived by Degond and Motsch from a kinetic version of the model by Vicsek and co-authors describing flocking biological agents. The parameter stands for the ratio of the microscopic to the macroscopic scales. The O() corrected model involves diffusion terms in both the mass and velocity equations as well as terms which are quadratic functions of the first-order derivatives of the density and velocity. The derivation method is based on the standard ChapmanEnskog theory, but is significantly more complex than usual due to both the non-isotropy of the fluid and the lack of momentum conservation.
The approach combines second and fourth order statistics to perform BSS of instantaneous mixtures. It applies for any number of receivers if they are as many as sources. It is a batch algorithm that uses non-Gaussianity and stationarity of source signals. It is linear algebra based direct method, reliable and robust, though large dimensions of sources may slow down the computation significantly. It is however limited to instantaneous mixtures.