We construct families of two-dimensional travelling water waves propagating under the influence of gravity in a flow of constant vorticity over a flat bed, in particular establishing the existence of waves of large amplitude. A Riemann–Hilbert problem approach is used to recast the governing equations as a one-dimensional elliptic pseudodifferential equation with a scalar constraint. The structural properties of this formulation, which arises as the Euler–Lagrange equation of an energy functional, enable us to develop a theory of analytic global bifurcation.
We determine the asymptotics of the independence number of the random d-regular graph for all d≥d0. It is highly concentrated, with constant-order fluctuations around nα∗−c∗logn for explicit constants α∗(d) and c∗(d). Our proof rigorously confirms the one-step replica symmetry breaking heuristics for this problem, and we believe the techniques will be more broadly applicable to the study of other combinatorial properties of random graphs.
We prove the local hard Lefschetz theorem and local Hodge–Riemann bilinear relations for Soergel bimodules. Using results of Soergel and Kübel, one may deduce an algebraic proof of the Jantzen conjectures. We observe that the Jantzen filtration may depend on the choice of non-dominant regular deformation direction.