Motivated by an extra credit problem from our Linear Algebra class, we study the invertibility probability of binary matrices (the number of invertible binary matrices divided by the total number of binary matrices). Binary matrices are of interest in combinatorics, information theory, cryptology, and graph theory. It is known that the invertibility probability of n × n binary matrices goes to 1 as n→∞. We conjecture that this probability monotonically increases as the size of the binary matrix increases, and we investigate this by exploring how n×n binary matrices of rank n and rank (n−1) can be enlarged to (n + 1) × (n + 1) invertible binary matrices. Calculating this explicitly for the identity matrix, we obtain a probable bound that would show that, in a sense, our conjecture is asymptotically true. With the use of a computer, we also computed how many (n + 1) × (n + 1) invertible binary matrices can be enlarged from n×n matrices of rank n and rank (n−1) for small n. In addition, we study the invertibility probability of matrices with entries in Z_q.
Characterization of homogeneous polynomials with isolated critical point at the origin follows from a study of complex geometry. Yau previously proposed a Numerical Characterization Conjecture. A step forward in solving this Conjecture, the Granville-Lin-Yau Conjecture was formulated, with a sharp estimate that counts the number of positive integral points in ndimensional (n≥3) real right-angled simplices with vertices whose distance to the origin are at least n-1. The estimate was proven for n≤6 but has a counterexample for n = 7. In this project we come up with an idea of forming a new sharp estimate conjecture where we need the
distances of the vertices to be n. We have proved this new sharp estimate conjecture for n≤7 and are in the process of proving the general n case.
This paper mainly focuses on the optimized methods of the sprinkling irrigation for greenery patches, by maximally equalizing the amount of water sprayed on a certain area. Various models are being discussed, where the main mathematical tool is analytic geometry, employed to research the possible effects of different proposals.
Firstly, the simplest models are built based on a totally ideal situation. Assuming that sprinkling spouts are spinning over plain lawn with a set of specified radii, install them in arrangements of simple geometric figures. Areas of overlapping and blank parts are being calculated and the most reasonable arrangement of all that are studied is selected.
Secondly, real factors are taken into consideration separately as follows: 1. The disequilibrium of the water that drops in a line from the sprinkling center is transformed into a functional expression, whose graphs are drawn to show the water distributed over the area; 2. The plane models are changed into solid ones on the assumption that the sprinkling spouts are placed on slopes. Analytic geometry methods are employed to describe the range of sprayed water on the oblique surface. Through calculation and analysis, models can be adjusted to specific situations.
Finally, the boundary problems and landscape effects are involved.
This paper researches on the judgment theorem and proof of the equivalency condition of a class of symmetric inequalities. By controlling two elementary symmetric polynomials and using the monotonicity of functions and Jensen inequality, it finds the necessary and sufficient condition of the equivalency a class of three-variable and n-variables symmetric inequalities. And we illustrate the application of this method in proof of these inequalities. Then we obtain several judgment theorems on symmetric and cyclic inequalities.