We study the two main types of trajectories of the ABC flow in the near-integrable regime: spiral orbits and edge orbits. The former are helical orbits which are perturbations of similar orbits that exist in the integrable regime, while the latter exist only in the nonintegrable regime. We prove existence of ballistic (i.e., linearly growing) spiral orbits by using the contraction mapping principle in the Hamiltonian formulation, and we also find and analyze ballistic edge orbits. We discuss the relationship of existence of these orbits with questions concerning front propagation in the presence of flows, in particular the question of linear (i.e., maximal possible) front speed enhancement rate for ABC flows.
In this paper, we study the existence of homoclinic solutions for a class of fourth order differential equations. By using variational methods, the existence and the non-existence of nontrivial homoclinic solutions are obtained, depending on a parameter.
We study differentiability properties of a potential of the type K⋆μ, where μ is a finite Radon measure in RN and the kernel K satisfies |∇jK(x)|≤C|x|−(N−1+j),j=0,1,2. We introduce a notion of differentiability in the capacity sense, where capacity is classical capacity in the de la Vallée Poussin sense associated with the kernel |x|−(N−1). We require that the first order remainder at a point is small when measured by means of a normalized weak capacity “norm” in balls of small radii centered at the point. This implies weak LN/(N−1) differentiability and thus Lp differentiability in the Calderón–Zygmund sense for 1≤p<N/(N−1). We show that K⋆μ is a.e. differentiable in the capacity sense, thus strengthening a recent result by Ambrosio, Ponce and Rodiac. We also present an alternative proof of a quantitative theorem of the authors just mentioned, giving pointwise Lipschitz estimates for K⋆μ. As an application, we study level sets of newtonian potentials of finite Radon measures.