Powersum varieties, also called varieties of sums of powers, have provided examples of interesting relations between varieties since their first appearance in the 19th century. One of the most useful tools to study them is apolarity, a notion originally related to the action of differential operators on the polynomial ring. In this work, we make explicit how one can see apolarity in terms of the Cox ring of a variety. In this way, powersum varieties are a special case of varieties of apolar schemes; we explicitly describe examples of such varieties in the case of two toric surfaces, when the Cox ring is particularly well-behaved.
It is known that if the special automorphism group SAut(X) of a quasiaffine variety X of dimension at least 2 acts transitively on X, then this action is infinitely transitive. In this paper we question whether this is the only possibility for the automorphism group Aut(X) to act infinitely transitively on X. We show that this is the case, provided X admits a nontrivial Ga or Gm-action. Moreover, 2-transitivity of the automorphism group implies infinite transitivity.
We study rationality properties of quadric surface bundles over the projective plane. We exhibit families of smooth projective complex fourfolds of this type over connected bases, containing both rational and non-rational fibers.
We associate a half-integer number, called the quantum index, to algebraic curves in the real plane satisfying to certain conditions. The area encompassed by the logarithmic image of such curves is equal to π2 times the quantum index of the curve, and thus has a discrete spectrum of values. We use the quantum index to refine enumeration of real rational curves in a way consistent with the Block–Göttsche invariants from tropical enumerative geometry.